Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

EU legislation

Modernised coordination

Modernised coordination applies in the EU since 1 May 2010. It includes the following consolidated regulations:

These texts include the modifications to Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 and Regulation (EC) No 987/2009 made by Regulation (EC) No 988/2009Commission Regulation (EU) No 1244/2010Regulation (EU) No 465/2012 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1224/2012.

EU provisions on the coordination of social security schemes have existed since Regulations No 3 and 4 of 1958. They have been updated and extended many times.

However, modernised coordination is the first major reform since the 1970s regulations:

Nationals of non-EU countries

Since 1 January 2011, Regulation (EU) No 1231/2010 extends modernised coordination to nationals of non-EU countries (third-country nationals) legally resident in the EU and in a cross-border situation. Their family members and survivors are also covered if they are in the EU.

It does not apply to Denmark.

Regulation (EU) No 1231/2010 will be a source of rights, for example, in the case of a third-country national who has moved from one EU country to another for work, but whose children have stayed in the previous EU country.


Modernised coordination applies in relation to Switzerland as from 1 April 2012.

The EEA (European Economic Area)

Modernised coordination applies in relation to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein (EEA countries) as from 1 June 2012.

The United Kingdom

EU rules on social security coordination no longer apply to and in the United Kingdom as of 1 January 2021. However, the rights of persons covered by the Withdrawal Agreement concluded between the EU and the United Kingdom continue to be protected.

For persons not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, social security coordination between the EU and the United Kingdom is regulated by the relevant Protocol to the Trade and Cooperation Agreement. While similar to EU rules and comprehensive in scope, the Protocol does not provide for an identical level of protection as the EU Regulations.

No related news in the last six months.

Share this page