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  • 12/07/2018

    Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2018

    The annual Employment and Social Developments in Europe review (ESDE) analyses key employment and social issues for the European Union and its Member States. This year's edition focuses on the changing world of work and its employment and social implications.

     

    Abstract

    In a context of a shrinking working-age population in the EU, technological innovations that increase productivity become ever more crucial, but they also change the organization of production of goods and services and the world of work. Automation entails capital deepening, especially in the manufacturing sector and for low-skill tasks and routine activities. Other innovative technologies enable the emergence of new non-standard forms of work which allow more flexible re-organization of working time and space. Both capital deepening and new forms of work raise concerns about a possible decrease in standard, socially insured full-time employment, about potential job losses and decreasing job quality. Income inequalities and the gender pay gap are impacted as well and could amplify due to these trends. Atypical work also challenges the organization and financing of social protection mechanisms and the traditional way of representing worker and employer interests in the context of social dialogue.

    However, the changing relationship between labour and capital brings about many new opportunities: innovative technologies increase productivity, create new jobs, facilitate inclusiveness on the labour market, and allow for a better work-life balance. Investments in education and the promotion of skills are key to reaping the benefits and lowering the risks from technological developments. As human and physical capital are complementary, policies which leverage the strong inter-generational effect of individuals' socio-economic background on their skills and labour market performance are of critical importance. Also, traditional distinctions made by the social protection systems need to be rethought in order to provide inclusive protection. Social partners are adapting to the developments in the labour market and could play a positive role in adjusting the existing legal framework to the new forms of work, including by managing the increased flexibility of working time and space in atypical work. The European Pillar of Social Rights provides a useful framework for adapting labour market and social systems to the new world of work to the benefit of the entire EU population.

Publicații pe aceeași temă

  • 12/07/2018

    Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2018

    The annual Employment and Social Developments in Europe review (ESDE) analyses key employment and social issues for the European Union and its Member States. This year's edition focuses on the changing world of work and its employment and social implications.

     

    Abstract

    In a context of a shrinking working-age population in the EU, technological innovations that increase productivity become ever more crucial, but they also change the organization of production of goods and services and the world of work. Automation entails capital deepening, especially in the manufacturing sector and for low-skill tasks and routine activities. Other innovative technologies enable the emergence of new non-standard forms of work which allow more flexible re-organization of working time and space. Both capital deepening and new forms of work raise concerns about a possible decrease in standard, socially insured full-time employment, about potential job losses and decreasing job quality. Income inequalities and the gender pay gap are impacted as well and could amplify due to these trends. Atypical work also challenges the organization and financing of social protection mechanisms and the traditional way of representing worker and employer interests in the context of social dialogue.

    However, the changing relationship between labour and capital brings about many new opportunities: innovative technologies increase productivity, create new jobs, facilitate inclusiveness on the labour market, and allow for a better work-life balance. Investments in education and the promotion of skills are key to reaping the benefits and lowering the risks from technological developments. As human and physical capital are complementary, policies which leverage the strong inter-generational effect of individuals' socio-economic background on their skills and labour market performance are of critical importance. Also, traditional distinctions made by the social protection systems need to be rethought in order to provide inclusive protection. Social partners are adapting to the developments in the labour market and could play a positive role in adjusting the existing legal framework to the new forms of work, including by managing the increased flexibility of working time and space in atypical work. The European Pillar of Social Rights provides a useful framework for adapting labour market and social systems to the new world of work to the benefit of the entire EU population.

  • 04/07/2018

    Analytical Web Note 2/2018 - The effect of taxes and benefits reforms on poverty and inequality in Latvia

    This note analyses the effect of taxes and benefits reforms on poverty and inequality in Latvia.

  • 04/07/2018

    Developing ‘Off-the-Shelf’ Simplified Cost Options (SCOs) under Article 14.1 of the European Social Fund (ESF) regulation – Final Report

    This study recommends off-the-shelf simplified cost options which could be used by Member States to claim reimbursement of ESF spending from the Commission. The scope covers training of the employed and unemployed and employment counselling services. The rates set out are based on statistical data collected by Eurostat and are designed to be as simple and flexible as possible for Member States to apply. The objective is that by using such simplified costs, Member States can considerably reduce the administrative burden and errors associated with implementing the ESF.

  • 28/06/2018

    Promoting adult learning in the workplace - Final report of the ET 2020 Working Group 2016 – 2018 on Adult Learning

    The role of the Education and Training Working Group on Adult Learning 2016-2018 was to identify policies that promote and support workplace learning of adults, covering:
    • adults struggling with reading, writing, making simple calculations and using digital tools;
    • adults with medium skills in need of up-skilling.
    This report presents the outcomes of its work. It identifies key messages for policy development along with case studies to inspire new thinking.

  • 28/06/2018

    Promoting adult learning in the workplace – ET 2020 Working Group 2016 – 2018 on Adult Learning – Executive summary

    Executive summary of the final report of the ET 2020 Working Group 2016 – 2018 on Adult Learning. The role of the Education and Training Working Group on Adult Learning 2016-2018 was to identify policies that promote and support workplace learning of adults, covering:
    • adults struggling with reading, writing, making simple calculations and using digital tools;
    • adults with medium skills in need of up-skilling.