This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission to explore barriers in access to finance by social groups who are disadvantaged or under-represented in entrepreneurship and to describe policies which can address these barriers. It presents data on the extent to which entrepreneurs from disadvantaged groups obtain external finance. It then sets out the traditional policy instruments of grants and soft loans together with newer and emerging policies such as loan guarantees, microcredit, crowdfunding, business angels and Islamic finance. In addition to supply-side instruments, the role of financial education is also explained. Finally, the brief gives a number of examples of policy approaches that have been successful in European Union Member States. This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
The Social Europe guide is a bi-annual publication aimed at providing an interested but not necessarily specialised audience with a concise overview of specific areas of EU policy in the field of employment, social affairs and inclusion. It illustrates the key issues and challenges, explains policy actions and instruments at EU level and provides examples of best practices from EU Member States. It also presents views on the subject from the Council Presidency and the European Parliament.
Volume 6 looks at the origin and purpose of labour market rules across the EU. It highlights the importance of ensuring good and healthy working conditions and a level playing field in the Single Market. It explains the respective roles the EU institutions and Member States play in shaping the legislation on employment and working conditions: in general, EU rules help to set minimum standards and requirements to underpin national laws, aiming to ensure the realization of the values set out in the EU's founding Treaties. The guide also explains how EU labour law has been influenced by international standards and the role the EU plays in promoting decent work across the world.
The guide will be available in printed format in German, English and French.
This year’s report offers an in-depth and wide-ranging review of key labour market and social challenges facing the EU as it slowly emerges from recession. Where will Europe’s new jobs come from in an increasingly competitive global economy? Will active inclusion policies support help address rising levels of poverty among those of working age? Will the improvement in the position of women on the labour market during the crisis be sustained or slip away with the recovery? Is the divisive issue of undeclared work being effectively addressed? Will all Member States progress equally, or do the weakest risk falling further behind? Have national social security systems been effective and efficient in maintaining incomes during the recession and in addressing their longer-term goals? Do we need to adapt the ways we measure economic and social progress in order to take proper account of inequalities? The report will be available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
Entrepreneurship development is an important requirement for achieving of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. It is also a means to respond to new economic challenges, to create jobs and to fight social and financial exclusion. The impact of the global financial and economic crisis calls for giving entrepreneurship and self-employment a stronger role in economic and social development policies. This book collects and synthesizes information and data on entrepreneurship activities in Europe, focusing on people that are at the greatest risk of social exclusion. These groups include young people, older people, women, ethnic minorities and migrants, people with disabilities and the unemployed.
To order this publication please contact OECD.
EaSI – nový celoeurópsky program v oblasti zamestnanosti a sociálnej politiky pomôže EÚ zabezpečiť súhrnnejšiu politiku, podporí pracovnú mobilitu a poskytne mikrofinancovanie pre najzraniteľnejšie skupiny. Program EaSI spája programy PROGRESS, EURES a nástroj mikrofinancovania PROGRESS do jedného zastrešujúceho programu, ktorý umožní účinnejšie vytvárať nové pracovné miesta a dosahovať udržateľný rast kladením dôrazu na sociálnu inováciu. Prečítajte si podrobnejšie informácie.
Táto publikácia je k dispozícii v tlačenej forme vo všetkých úradných jazykoch Európskej únie.
The Social Europe guide is a bi-annual publication aimed at providing an interested but not necessarily specialised audience with a concise overview of specific areas of EU policy in the field of employment, social affairs and inclusion. It illustrates the key issues and challenges, explains policy actions and instruments at EU level and provides examples of best practices from EU Member States. It also presents views on the subject from the Council Presidency and the European Parliament. This fifth volume in the series of Social Guides sets out how the new challenges facing EU countries call for a rethink of our approach to social policies. It outlines the functions of social policies and recent initiatives by the European Commission to support increased ‘social investment’ – benefits and services that improve people’s skills and capabilities and support people’s inclusion in society. This guide also sets out how the European Union’s social policy guidance is designed and delivered, and how the Commission is supporting Member States in making reforms to improve the adequacy and sustainability of their social policies. The guide will be available as an e-book and in printed format in English, French and German.
Information on pension provision remains inaccessible to many, despite their crucial role in providing a social safety net to people in old age. This Peer Review held in Madrid in July 2013 focused on good practices in Member States and supported the coordination of policies in this area. Representatives of the host country (Spain), six other Member States, the European Commission and stakeholder organisations attended the event. This report summarises the key issues discussed and the lessons learned. It is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Spanish.
The EU is working to reduce youth unemployment and to increase the youth employment rate in line with the wider EU target of achieving a 75% employment rate for the working-age population (20-64 years).
This leaflet gives an overview of the latest measures proposed by the EU to help Member States specifically tackle youth unemployment and social exclusion. It is available in printed format in English, French and German.
The OECD and the European Commission have produced a new brief on evaluating policy actions for inclusive entrepreneurship. The brief covers the reasons for evaluating inclusive entrepreneurship policy, how evaluation fits into the policy cycle, and relevant tools to use in evaluation. The brief gives examples of real evaluations, showing how information was obtained and what conclusions could be drawn.
This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
ESCO – boosting job matching throughout Europe
European prosperity depends on a flourishing labour market which helps both working people and
employers make the most of training and skills. EU citizens have an EU-wide labour market open to them
and employers have a pool of people in 28 countries to choose from. However, matching the right worker
to the right job remains a challenge.
ESCO is a multilingual classification of occupations, skills, competences and qualifications, designed to
help jobseekers and employers to match skills to jobs. Learners, workers and businesses will all benefit.
ESCO will help everyone get more out of Europe’s labour market. This publication will be available in printed format in English, French and German.