During the aftermath of the financial crisis, certain paradoxical trends have emerged in Europe. Firstly, despite the context of economic adjustment and restructuring, the employment rate of older workers has increased in most countries, and secondly, saving rates have remained remarkably resilient to the interest rate squeeze pursued by central banks as an economic stimulus. The question arises, whether lower interest rates effectively discourage or rather encourage saving among older workers, or even constitute an incentive to work longer, in case their saving strategy aims at maintaining a standard of living after retirement. The working paper adresses this issue through a model based approach.
The quality of its institutions, both governmental and judicial, is a key determining factor for a country's economic and societal well-being. Administrative capacity is increasingly recognised as a pre-requisite for delivering the EU’s treaty obligations and objectives, such as creating sustainable growth and jobs. The EU supports Member States’ administrations through the European Semester process and the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). The Toolbox aims to support, guide and encourage those who want to build public administrations that will create prosperous, fair and resilient societies. It is intended as a reference and resource, not a prescription or a panacea, by signposting readers to existing EU policies and international practices, illustrated by almost 170 inspirational case studies.
This abridged version of the Toolbox (the full e-version will be published soon at http://ec.europa.eu/esf/toolbox) sets the scene for readers, lays out principles and values of good governance, summarises the seven thematic chapters (policy-making, ethics and anti-corruption, institutions, service delivery, business environment, justice systems and public finance management), and sets out some considerations for managing the ESIF’s thematic objective 11.
This publication is available in printed format in English.
This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission. This policy brief focuses on the informal self-employed and informal entrepreneurs, which together comprise what we define as “informal entrepreneurship”. The policy brief provides estimates of the size of the informal economy and informal entrepreneurship in the EU, investigates its main causes and impacts on the economy, and finally presents a policy framework for formalisation strategies based on the distinction between deterrence, incentives and persuasion measures.
This policy brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on ‘The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm
This publication is available in electronic format in EN. FR and DE versions will follow.
The purpose of this document is to provide technical guidance on the three kinds of simplified costs applicable to the ESI Funds and to share the best practices with a view to encouraging Member States to use simplified costs.
As part of the package on "Coping strategies with crisis", this study analyses experiences of unemployment in a recession and is based on a qualitative survey of a sample of over a hundred unemployed people from selected EU Member States.
The study presents strategies that unemployed people in Europe are using to cope with the current crisis. It analyses the lifestyles of the respondents and the resources and services available in their economic, social and institutional environment, as well as social ties and family solidarity. The analysis is illustrated with respondents' verbatim statements.
As part of a package on "Coping with the crisis", this qualitative Eurobarometer survey explores how households are coping with the economic crisis, in particular those who have been worst affected and those who have been made unemployed or are unable to find work. Fieldwork consisted of a series of focus groups conducted in seven EU Member States: France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain.
This Policy Brief explains what entrepreneurial networks are, and how disadvantaged or under-represented groups can join them. Online networks in particular offer the added advantage of removing physical distances. The document also shows that by linking target groups with the business community, and helping the networks set up and widen their scope, the policy can provide real support. This Policy Brief is available online in English, French and German.
This Policy Brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on `The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm.
The paper provides a comparative analysis on human resources trends and their implications for employment and economic growth at global scale. Taking stock of specific population characteristics, it focuses on the inescapable challenge of workforce shrinking and its policy implications. The analysis concludes that productivity growth will progressively become the only way to sustain economic growth not only in the EU and several other industrialised regions but also in some of the emerging economies. It also reveals a growing north-south imbalance in terms of labour reserves. While the 2013 publication looked at human resources constrains within the EU, this paper extends to the global context, comparing the EU to other global players.
La Peer Review (Italia, 11–12 dicembre 2014) – e il programma P.I.P.P.I. (Programma di Intervento Per la Prevenzione dell’Istituzionalizzazione), quale suo oggetto di valutazione – si interessa particolarmente all’impegno volto a garantire che i bambini partecipino pienamente al processo. I problemi istituzionali che si affrontano nella Peer Review risollevano annose questioni in Europa, ma allo stesso tempo costituiscono occasione di innovazione e rinnovamento. Questo rapporto sintetizza le principali questioni discusse e le lezioni apprese. E’ disponibile in formato elettronico in inglese, francese, tedesco ed italiano.
This document looks at the vital role of welfare systems in improving citizen well-being and looks at what needs to be done to address related challenges, including modernisation of systems. It answers the questions of why social innovation policy is important, who is involved in the process and the EU’s role.
This publication will be available in electronic format in English, French and German.