In response to the growing number of unemployed youth and those not in employment, education or training (NEETs), the Council adopted the Recommendation on the establishment of a Youth Guarantee (YG) on the 22nd April 2013. With this Recommendation, all Member States committed to ensure all those up to 25 years old would receive a quality offer of employment, education, training or apprenticeship within 4 months of becoming unemployed or leaving school. This publication summarizes developments of the Youth Guarantee across the EU.
The European Commission finances projects enabling national, regional and local administrations, social and economic partners and other organisations to exchange good practices in the fields of employment, working conditions, social inclusion and social protection. To facilitate the dissemination of the achieved results this report reviews good practice examples of projects supported by the Community Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity — Progress in the years 2011 – 2012. This report is available in English and online only, with abstracts in English, French and German.
The Peer Review “The Active Ageing Index and its extension to the regional level” (Poland, 15-16 October 2014) focused on the usefulness of the Active Ageing Index in terms of policy making. This report summarises the key issues discussed during the Peer Review as well as the lessons learned. It is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Polish.
The evaluation serves as an interim evaluation of the European Progress Microfinance Facility, which aims to increase access to finance for microentrepreneurs, including the self-employed. It has a particular focus on, but is not restricted to, groups with limited access to the conventional credit market, such as female entrepreneurs, young entrepreneurs, entrepreneurs belonging to a minority group, entrepreneurs with a disability, etc.
This publication is available only in electronic format in EN.
During the aftermath of the financial crisis, certain paradoxical trends have emerged in Europe. Firstly, despite the context of economic adjustment and restructuring, the employment rate of older workers has increased in most countries, and secondly, saving rates have remained remarkably resilient to the interest rate squeeze pursued by central banks as an economic stimulus. The question arises, whether lower interest rates effectively discourage or rather encourage saving among older workers, or even constitute an incentive to work longer, in case their saving strategy aims at maintaining a standard of living after retirement. The working paper adresses this issue through a model based approach.
The quality of its institutions, both governmental and judicial, is a key determining factor for a country's economic and societal well-being. Administrative capacity is increasingly recognised as a pre-requisite for delivering the EU’s treaty obligations and objectives, such as creating sustainable growth and jobs. The EU supports Member States’ administrations through the European Semester process and the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). The Toolbox aims to support, guide and encourage those who want to build public administrations that will create prosperous, fair and resilient societies. It is intended as a reference and resource, not a prescription or a panacea, by signposting readers to existing EU policies and international practices, illustrated by almost 170 inspirational case studies.
This abridged version of the Toolbox (the full e-version will be published soon at http://ec.europa.eu/esf/toolbox) sets the scene for readers, lays out principles and values of good governance, summarises the seven thematic chapters (policy-making, ethics and anti-corruption, institutions, service delivery, business environment, justice systems and public finance management), and sets out some considerations for managing the ESIF’s thematic objective 11.
This publication is available in printed format in English.
This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission. This policy brief focuses on the informal self-employed and informal entrepreneurs, which together comprise what we define as “informal entrepreneurship”. The policy brief provides estimates of the size of the informal economy and informal entrepreneurship in the EU, investigates its main causes and impacts on the economy, and finally presents a policy framework for formalisation strategies based on the distinction between deterrence, incentives and persuasion measures.
This policy brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on ‘The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm
This publication is available in electronic format in EN. FR and DE.
The purpose of this document is to provide technical guidance on the three kinds of simplified costs applicable to the ESI Funds and to share the best practices with a view to encouraging Member States to use simplified costs.
As part of the package on "Coping strategies with crisis", this study analyses experiences of unemployment in a recession and is based on a qualitative survey of a sample of over a hundred unemployed people from selected EU Member States.
The study presents strategies that unemployed people in Europe are using to cope with the current crisis. It analyses the lifestyles of the respondents and the resources and services available in their economic, social and institutional environment, as well as social ties and family solidarity. The analysis is illustrated with respondents' verbatim statements.
As part of a package on "Coping with the crisis", this qualitative Eurobarometer survey explores how households are coping with the economic crisis, in particular those who have been worst affected and those who have been made unemployed or are unable to find work. Fieldwork consisted of a series of focus groups conducted in seven EU Member States: France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain.