This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission. This policy brief focuses on the informal self-employed and informal entrepreneurs, which together comprise what we define as “informal entrepreneurship”. The policy brief provides estimates of the size of the informal economy and informal entrepreneurship in the EU, investigates its main causes and impacts on the economy, and finally presents a policy framework for formalisation strategies based on the distinction between deterrence, incentives and persuasion measures.
This policy brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on ‘The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm
This publication is available in electronic format in EN. FR and DE versions will follow.
The purpose of this document is to provide technical guidance on the three kinds of simplified costs applicable to the ESI Funds and to share the best practices with a view to encouraging Member States to use simplified costs.
As part of the package on "Coping strategies with crisis", this study analyses experiences of unemployment in a recession and is based on a qualitative survey of a sample of over a hundred unemployed people from selected EU Member States.
The study presents strategies that unemployed people in Europe are using to cope with the current crisis. It analyses the lifestyles of the respondents and the resources and services available in their economic, social and institutional environment, as well as social ties and family solidarity. The analysis is illustrated with respondents' verbatim statements.
As part of a package on "Coping with the crisis", this qualitative Eurobarometer survey explores how households are coping with the economic crisis, in particular those who have been worst affected and those who have been made unemployed or are unable to find work. Fieldwork consisted of a series of focus groups conducted in seven EU Member States: France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain.
This Policy Brief explains what entrepreneurial networks are, and how disadvantaged or under-represented groups can join them. Online networks in particular offer the added advantage of removing physical distances. The document also shows that by linking target groups with the business community, and helping the networks set up and widen their scope, the policy can provide real support. This Policy Brief is available online in English, French and German.
This Policy Brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on `The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm.
The paper provides a comparative analysis on human resources trends and their implications for employment and economic growth at global scale. Taking stock of specific population characteristics, it focuses on the inescapable challenge of workforce shrinking and its policy implications. The analysis concludes that productivity growth will progressively become the only way to sustain economic growth not only in the EU and several other industrialised regions but also in some of the emerging economies. It also reveals a growing north-south imbalance in terms of labour reserves. While the 2013 publication looked at human resources constrains within the EU, this paper extends to the global context, comparing the EU to other global players.
This Peer Review (Italy, 11–12 December 2014) – and the P.I.P.P.I. programme (Programma di Intervento Per la Prevenzione dell’Istituzionalizzazione - Programme of Intervention to Prevent Institutionalisation) which is its focus – is especially interesting for its efforts to enable children to be full participants. The policy problems which are at the core of the Peer Review are long-standing concerns in Europe and yet also a focus of innovation and renewal. This report summarises the key issues discussed and the lessons learned. It is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Italian.
This document looks at the vital role of welfare systems in improving citizen well-being and looks at what needs to be done to address related challenges, including modernisation of systems. It answers the questions of why social innovation policy is important, who is involved in the process and the EU’s role.
This publication will be available in electronic format in English, French and German.
This study examines the economic trends that have led to changes in employment and industrial relations in the telecommunications and ICT sectors at national and European level. It is intended to provide an analytical underpinning to establish new demarcation lines of the industry from the view point of the European social dialogue. As such, it is intended as an entry point for the representativeness study in the sector.
This publication will be available in electronic format only in English.
This report provides a comprehensive overview of the set-up of social protection systems in the EU. It illustrates the heterogeneity across Member States' social protection systems in terms of their size, structure, and financing arrangements. The document addresses the question of the effectiveness and efficiency of the systems in place, taking a broad approach that accounts for the multiple objectives of social policies and the related social and employment outcomes. Country overviews and relevant data are provided.