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Transitional restrictions on access of workers from Croatia to the labour markets of other Member States currently apply in

  • Austria,
  • Malta,
  • the Netherlands,
  • Slovenia
  • the United Kingdom.

This means that these Member States continue to regulate access of Croatian workers to their labour markets by national law and may require work permits from Croatian workers.

Croatia has equivalent transitional restrictions for workers from those Member States.

According to the 2011 Act of Accession, EU-27 Member States can temporarily restrict the access of workers from Croatia to their labour markets.

First phase: 1 July 2013 - 30 June 2015

The access was regulated by the national law of the other Member States. 13 Member States applied restrictions (AT, BE, CY, FR, DE, EL, IT, LU, MT, NL, ES, SI and UK). The others decided to fully apply EU free movement rules to Croatian workers.

Second phase: 1 July 2015 - 30 June 2018  

Member States may maintain restrictions if they notified it to the Commission beforehand. Austria, Malta, the Netherlands, Slovenia and the United Kingdom have done so and currently restrictions apply only in those Member States.

Third phase: 1 July 2018 - 30 June 2020

In the final phase Member States will be able to apply the restrictions only in case of serious disturbances of their labour market or a threat of such disturbances.

Summary table of Member States' policies - Workers from Croatia


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