Overview - National accounts

National accounts (including GDP and regional accounts) - Overview

Introduction

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What are national accounts?

National accounts provide information to analyse the structure of economies and their development over time. They contain a wide range of statistics describing an economy in various ways. The main GDP aggregates provide an overview about key economic developments. Other national accounts data on institutional sectors, government finances or supply, use and input-output tables allow a deeper analysis. A selection of data is also available on a regional level. These topics are presented in different sections of the Eurostat website.   

Which information can I find here?

This section focuses on a selection of national accounts statistics regarding core national accounts aggregates such as gross domestic product (GDP), its main components and employment. 

It also includes data on gross value added and gross fixed capital formation and employment broken down by industries, labour productivity, household consumption expenditure by purpose as well as a cross-classification of detailed breakdowns of assets (stocks and flows) by industries and non-financial balance sheets.

Eurostat receives data from the EU Member States, EFTA countries and EU candidate countries and produces EU and euro area aggregates. A more limited set of data from other countries (such as the US and other major trading partners) are transmitted by other international organisations.

Data available on an annual basis and for some key indicators on a quarterly basis (see release calendar).

How are national accounts measured?

Each Member State compiles its own national accounts as a result of a process of integration of data from many sources, for example, statistical surveys of businesses and households and administrative data. European national accounts are then compiled by Eurostat by combining Member States’ national accounts. For this purpose countries are required to provide Eurostat with a pre-specified data set according to a fixed transmission timetable.  

National accounts are compiled in accordance with the European System of national and regional Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010), which is fully consistent with the worldwide guidelines on national accounting (System of national accounts – SNA). The ESA ensures that national accounts data are based on common concepts, definitions, classifications and accounting rules, in order to arrive at a consistent, reliable and comparable quantitative description of an economy.

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Highlights

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Read the information note on Covid-19

This note presents different questions and answers which help to better understand the impact of COVID-19 on national accounts.

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Browse through ESA 2010

This interactive tool allows users to easily browse within the European System of Accounts as well as between ESA 2010 and selected related publications.

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Take a guided tour of the European economy

Have a look at our interactive publication 'The European economy since the start of the millennium - a statistical portrait' to explore economic data through easy texts and data visualisations. 

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European Statistical Recovery Dashboard

Track the recovery of GDP & other indicators from the COVID-19 pandemic across countries and time.

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Check out latest economic trends

How has GDP in your country developed over the last quarters? Is it growing faster or slower than in the EU or the euro area? Our tool will show you. 

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Visualise regional accounts across Europe

Try our visualisation tool ‘Regions and cities illustrated’ and explore economic data for your region or city using maps, graphs and bar charts.

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Explore Further

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Data quality

Visit our dedicated page providing overview of ESA 2010 implementation and data quality.

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European System of Accounts

Explore our dedicated section to become familiar with the EU accounting framework.

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Sector accounts

Dig deeper into economy and finance in the EU by looking at our section on sector accounts.

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Government finance

Browse this section of our website dedicated to statistics on government finance, debt and deficit.