Employment

Concepts

Data on employment and population in national accounts are mainly used to calculate ratios such as value added, output, or labour costs per inhabitant or per employed person. Quarterly employment figures are also part of the Euro indicators.  

The ESA 2010 distinguishes two employment concepts. Firstly, resident persons in employment, which is the national scope of employment. Secondly, employment in resident production units irrespective of the place of residence of the employed person, which has a domestic scope.

In ESA 2010, three employment measurements are recognised:

  • number of persons
  • number of hours worked
  • number of jobs.

Eurostat publishes mainly employment data expressed in persons and in hours worked.

National accounts do not provide information on demographic or social background aspects of employment. The source for this kind of information is the labour force survey.

Further reading

Estimation and revision policy

T+45 days: GDP and employment flash release

Since November 2018, a 'flash estimate' of quarterly total employment growth in persons is published. 

T+65 days: Release of GDP, main aggregates and employment  

Since December 2018, the complete employment data are released together with the estimations of GDP main aggregates.

These estimates are done for employment in persons and hours worked and are broken down by employment status (employees and self-employed) as well as by economic activity (A*10 NACE Rev. 2 categories).

With the t+65 release, Euro area and EU employment figures for earlier quarters are revised.

T+110 days: GDP and main aggregates update (incl. employment)

Release of an update of employment data in the Eurostat database, together with the article Quarterly national accounts - GDP and employment

Further reading