Employment

Employment and national accounts

Employment and population in national accounts are notably used to calculate ratios like value added, output, or labour costs per inhabitant or per employed person. Quarterly employment figures are also part of the Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs).

The ESA 2010 distinguishes two employment concepts: resident persons in employment (i.e. the national scope of employment) and employment in resident production units irrespective of the place of residence of the employed person (i.e. domestic scope).

The ESA 2010 recognises three employment measures: persons, hours worked and jobs. Eurostat publishes mainly employment data measured in persons and in hours worked. National accounts do not provide information on social or gender aspects of employment. The classical and most reliable source for this information is the Labour Force Survey.

Additional information can be found in the documents below:

Estimation and revision policy European employment

The publication of quarterly estimates for the euro area and the EU (domestic concept) is speeding up progressively. As from 14 November 2018 onwards, a new 'flash estimate' of quarterly total employment growth in persons will be published 45 days after the end of a quarter alongside the flash estimate of GDP.

The publication of the full employment release, which traditionally took place around 75 days after the end of a quarter, is integrated with the estimations of GDP main aggregates  released around 65 days from December 2018 onwards. These estimates of employment include estimates in persons and hours worked, broken down by employment status (i.e. employees and self-employed), as well as by economic activity (A*10 NACE Rev. 2 categories). All estimates are published in the online database. Euro area and EU employment figures for earlier quarters are revised. A further update is foreseen after 100 days.

More information on the methodology and introduction of Employment flash estimates at 45 days can be found in the documents below: