European Statistical System (ESS) - European Statistical System (ESS)
Overview - European Statistical System (ESS)
What is the European Statistical System (ESS)?
Eurostat does not work alone. Since the early days of the European Community it was realised that decisions on and planning and implementation of Community policies must be based on reliable and comparable statistics. To achieve this, the European Statistical System (ESS) was built up gradually with the objective of providing comparable statistics at EU level.
The ESS is the partnership between the European Community statistical authority, which is the Commission (Eurostat), the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and other national authorities in each EU Member State that are responsible for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics. This partnership also includes the EFTA (European Free Trade Association) countries (see the list of national statistical institutes and other national authorities responsible for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics as designated by Member States (updated: 12 October 2021)).
The EU Member States and EFTA countries collect data and compile statistics for national and EU purposes. The ESS functions as a network in which Eurostat's role is to lead the way in the harmonisation of statistics in close cooperation with the national statistical authorities. The work of the ESS concentrates mainly on EU policy areas, but with the extension of EU policies harmonisation has been extended to nearly all statistical fields.
The ESS also coordinates its work with candidate countries and at European level with other Commission services & agencies, the ECB and international organisations such as the OECD, the UN, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.