Environment — Overview


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What information can I find here?

Eurostat provides a range of statistics and accounts about the environment and the drivers, pressures, and impacts of our societies on it. In this section, you can find information about:

  • emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants
  • biodiversity
  • energy accounts
  • environmental protection expenditure
  • growth and jobs in the environmental economy
  • hazardous substances
  • material flows and resource productivity
  • environmental taxes and subsidies
  • water

Eurostat statistics support policies on climate change, the circular economy, sustainable development, biodiversity, natural capital, and more. 

Categories of statistical products

Eurostat produces environmental statistics, accounts and indicators.

Environmental accounts are a kind of statistics compiled in a way fully compatible with national accounts. They are typically used to analyse the environmental impact of economic activity and policy measures, plus social activity. They allow calculating environmental footprints, environmental intensities or productivities by industries, the parts of the economy which are ‘green’ or ‘greener’ (environmental jobs, environmental investments), etc. Eurostat accounts are: air emission accounts, material flow accounts, environmental taxes by economic activity, environmental protection expenditure accounts, environmental goods and services sector accounts and energy flow accounts. Eurostat uses the international standards of the System of environmental-economy accounting 2012 (SEEA 2012).

Eurostat offers grants to the members of the European Statistical System to carry out methodological work and data collection beyond the scope of the Regulation 61/2011 on environmental accounts.  The results of these grants are available in the  Catalogue of pilot study reports.

Ecosystem accounts are one particular environmental account which measure the extent and condition of ecosystems and the ecosystem services they provide. This supports decision making in the context of sustainable resource, natural capital and environmental management and other relevant policy areas. Eurostat coordinates INCA, an EU-level project to develop an integrated system of natural capital and ecosystem services accounting. You can find them on the methodology page in this section under ‘Ecosystem accounts’. Ecosystem accounts are still in an early stage of development.

Environmental indicators are based on statistics and accounts. They allow comparisons over time, provide warning signals and help in making decisions. Eurostat provides indicators for each topic on the page 'Main tables' in this section, or you can also consult the environmental indicator catalogue. Since the environment is a substantial parameter in several EU policies, related indicators are also included in different policy sets: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), circular economy, Europe 2020 and the resource efficiency scoreboard.

Eurostat also re-disseminates relevant data by the European Environmental Agency, the Joint Research Centre and other producers. Because the environment is global, Eurostat works together with United Nations, OECD and other international organisations to establish common solutions for global environmental statistics.

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