Overview - Environment

Environment — Overview


Image © Khanthachai C / Shutterstock.com

What information can I find here?

Eurostat provides a range of statistics and accounts about the state of the environment and the drivers, pressures and impacts of our societies on the environment. in this section, you find information about:

  • Air emissions;
  • Biodiversity;
  • Energy accounts;
  • Environmental protection;
  • Environmental sector;
  • Hazardous substances;
  • Material flows and resource productivity;
  • Taxes;
  • Water.

Eurostat statistics support policies about climate change, the circular economy, sustainable development, biodiversity and natural capital, among others. 

Categories of statistical products

Eurostat produces environmental statistics, accounts and indicators.

Environmental accounts are a kind of statistics compiled in a way fully compatible with national accounts. They are typically used to analyse the environmental impact of economic activity and policy measures, plus social activity. They allow calculating environmental footprints, environmental intensities or productivities by industries, the parts of the economy which are ‘green’ or ‘greener’ (environmental jobs, environmental investments), etc. Eurostat accounts are: air emission accounts, material flow accounts, environmental taxes by economic activity, environmental protection expenditure accounts, environmental goods and services sector accounts and energy flow accounts. Eurostat uses the international standards of the System of environmental-economy accounting 2012 (SEEA 2012).

Eurostat offers grants to the members of the European Statistical System to carry out methodological work and data collection beyond the scope of the Regulation 61/2011 on environmental accounts.  The results of these grants are available in the  Catalogue of pilot study reports.

Ecosystem accounts are one particular environmental account which measure the extent and condition of ecosystems and the ecosystem services they provide. This supports decision making in the context of sustainable resource, natural capital and environmental management and other relevant policy areas. Eurostat coordinates INCA, an EU-level project to develop an integrated system of natural capital and ecosystem services accounting. You can find them on the methodology page in this section under ‘Ecosystem accounts’. Ecosystem accounts are still in an early stage of development.

Environmental indicators are based on statistics and accounts. They allow comparisons over time, provide warning signals and help in making decisions. Eurostat provides indicators for each topic on the page 'Main tables' in this section, or you can also consult the environmental indicator catalogue. Since the environment is a substantial parameter in several EU policies, related indicators are also included in different policy sets: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), circular economy, Europe 2020 and the resource efficiency scoreboard.

Eurostat also re-disseminates relevant data by the European Environmental Agency, the Joint Research Centre and other producers. Because the environment is global, Eurostat works together with United Nations, OECD and other international organisations to establish common solutions for global environmental statistics.

> Read more



Get to know environment statistics

This publication provides a broad set of data for the EU and its Member States on energy, transport and environment. It presents the main indicators that support the design and monitoring of EU policies on those topics.

Icon ©  RedlineVector / Shutterstock.com

Read about air pollution statistics

Have a look at our Statistics Explained article on the emissions of some of the most important air pollutants in the EU and their development since 1990.


Discover key figures

Dig into the chapter on environment in our interactive publication "Key figures in Europe" to compare the situation of your country to others for a range of indicators. 

Icon © Dinosoft Labs / Shutterstock.com

Stay up to date

Read our latest news published on the wide range of environment statistics to make sure you know what's going on.

are you looking for information on...

explore further

Icon Climate change

Climate change

Browse this section of our website dedicated to statistics on climate change.


Circular economy

Explore this section of our website to find out more about statistics on the circular economy.


Sustainable development goals

Find more information on sustainable development goals on our website dedicated section.