Climate change - Overview


Climate change / © Shutterstock / Dudarev Mikhail

What is climate change?

Climate change refers to a change in climate patterns due to human activities, going beyond the natural variability in the climate. This is caused by greenhouse gases emitted into our atmosphere. Among the drivers of these emissions are the burning of fossil fuels, industrial processes, livestock farming, and waste treatment.

The direct impacts which we experience include an increase in the global temperature, rising sea levels and more extreme weather conditions. These impacts have subsequent wide-ranging effects on ecosystems, the economy, society and human health. We have to deal with the consequences while trying to counter the causes of climate change. Climate change-related statistics can help us to understand this whole process better.

This section brings together statistics from various domains in an easily accessible and structured way, to help you find data to better understand, analyse and monitor climate change.

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Line chart - © Pixelz Studio /

How is my country doing?

Use our line chart to display a selection of indicators related to climate change: visualise latest trends and compare your country to others.

Statistics Explained article - © Schankz /

What's driving climate change?

Read this statistical article and learn more how climate change-related statistics can be used to analyse the driving forces behind climate change.

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Explore Further

Further statistics / © European Union

Further statistics on climate change

Obtain an overview of additional statistics coming from other Commission departments, executive agencies, the European Environment Agency or external organisations.