Frequently asked questions
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Frequently asked questions
Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union. Its mission is to provide high quality statistics for Europe. By harmonising statistics from the European statistical system (ESS) using a single methodology, the statistics are made comparable. (More information)
The ESS is the partnership between the statistical authority of the European Union, which is the Commission (Eurostat), and the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and other national authorities responsible in each Member State for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics. This partnership also includes the EEA and EFTA countries. (More information)
Eurostat's dissemination policy fosters free access to European statistics for all users.
It has been put in place on the basis of an impartial distribution of its products, tools and services to users. This means that everybody has in princinple - in accordance with the European Statistics Code of Practice and its implementation - the same access to Eurostat's data. Potential exceptions because of other overriding reasons are clearly stated in Eurostat's 'Impartiality Protocol'.
Microdata are confidential data which contain information about individual statistical units, for example individual persons. The current legal framework enables access to anonymised microdata available at Eurostat for scientific purposes only.
More information can be found on the page Access to microdata.
We do not refuse permission to webmasters who want to place links to Eurostat's homepage on their web pages. We would appreciate notification if you do so. The same applies to deep links (those pointing to a page other than the home page). You should remember that the deeper the link, the higher the possibility that some day the page might not be available anymore. (More information)
Eurostat publishes a wide range of publications. Most of them are available in English only, but some are also available in other languages.
For more information and for access to the most recent publications, please visit the Publications page.
For the publications not found on this website please see the EU Law and Publications page.
You can find information on publications in the pipeline under: Release calendar
Regulations are often agreed to be the most appropriate tool for the production of Community Statistics, taking into account the particular characteristics of each type of legislative act as described in Article 249 of the EC Treaty. A regulation shall have general application. It shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States. In fact, almost all the requirements of statistics need direct and immediate execution in Member States.
They generally define specifically identified statistical units in the Member States, with the objective being clear and immediately applicable, and with all the elements to be surveyed specified in the same act together with methodology, timing and periodicity. As such, they are not, in general, dependant on national measures for harmonisation; national authorities simply have to apply them.
When a country joins or leaves the European Union or the Euro area, this has an impact on the European statistical aggregates. Eurostat has guidelines it follows on how to deal with the relevant issues arising from such a change.
Technical – Downloading data manually and processing
'Tables' offers a selection of the most important Eurostat data in a user-friendly way. All data are presented in simple two- or three-dimensional tables.
'Database' contains the full range of data publicly available at Eurostat. The data are presented in multi-dimensional tables with various selection features and export formats.
Both branches are organised according to nine statistical themes. 'Tables on EU policy' presents a selection of data organised according to specific EU policies.
All Eurostat databases and electronic publications are available free of charge via the website. More information is available on the Help pages.
The Eurostat data code, which you find under most graphs and tables in Eurostat's publications, allows you to access, via the Home page of the Eurostat Web site, the most recent data to which the table or graph refers. To access the data, enter the code into the search field on the top right side of the Eurostat website and click on SEARCH. Among the search results you will find the title of the corresponding table. By clicking on this title you will receive the product page of the main table. To view this table click on 'view table'.
Data and information stored in the data navigation tree are updated twice a day at 11:00 and 23:00.
|TGM (tables, graphs and maps) is designed for tables with 2 or 3 dimensions only (as available in 'tables by themes' and 'tables on EU policy' of the data navigation tree). This browser gives access to predefined tables in a user-friendly way via tables, graphs or maps. It includes a short description with all the information regarding an easy understanding of the variables presented in a table.|
|Data explorer is an interface designed for the reading of multi-dimensional tables ('database' in the navigation tree). It offers direct access to data, metadata and several export formats. The selection of cells is limited up to a maximum of 750 000.|
|Dataset compression: for downloading complete datasets in tabular separate value format (tsv).|
|COMEXT database includes all international trade data.|
|Metadata: explanatory texts documenting statistical data and providing summary information useful for assessing data quality and the statistical production process in general. For more information on the data navigation tree, please visit the Information page.|
To the right of each table, by clicking on thesymbol, you will find information on the last update, the oldest and most recent data, as well as the number of values in the table.
For information on the frequency of dissemination and timeliness, consult the metadata of the data collection under the "" symbol.
These 3 short videos will guide you through the different steps:
- Flash file: Making an extraction... (2,5 minutes)
- Html file: Making an extraction
- Flash file: Completing your extraction... (2 minutes)
- Html file: Completing your extraction
- Flash file: Useful tools for your extraction... (4 minutes)
- Html file: Useful tools for your extraction
Please consult our Demo Tour "Useful tools for your extraction" for further information.
The data can be imported into Excel with a tab-delimited file (TAB) using the following extraction tools:
Data Explorer or Complete table (equivalent to bulk download).
With Data Explorer you have the choice of downloading data with or without flags.
With Complete table (equivalent to bulk download), the flags are always included.
If you download data with flags into Excel, each column of data will be split in two columns: one for the values and one for the flags. If the values do not have flags, the second column will contain empty cells.
As the flags are not in the same cell as the values, you can apply any calculation formula on the columns that contain the values, after having replaced all the ":" (data not available) with " ".
When I make an extraction in csv format and open it in Excel, the data do not appear in columns, what can I do?
Excel might not accept comma (csv= comma separated value) as a separator. If you have problems extracting the data into the right format you should change the regional settings on your computer. Click on Start / Control panel / Regional and Language options. Click on 'Customize' and change the 'List separator' to , (a comma). The cell delimiter "tab" , on the other hand, is accepted by Excel independently from the regional settings.
When I try to download data in the extraction / download tool, the file download is not shown, what can I do?
You should normally see the "File download" window when you download data, regardless of the format file you have chosen. However, if you do not, your web browser may be blocking popup windows on web sites. The problems might arise from anti-virus software or the firewall. If it is not closed, it will stop the download as the data are coming from outside your PC. Hopefully, the popup blocking feature has a simple whitelist mechanism to allow certain sites to open popups. For more information, see your browser documentation.
If you encounter problems to download extractions in a format "for spreadsheets" or "for databases" when using Internet Explorer, do the following: In Internet Explorer click Tools --> Internet Options --> click tab Security --> select "trusted sites" --> click button Sites… --> Add https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat to the list of sites --> Click OK
Technical – Downloading data automatically and processing
Note for Chrome users: When downloading data from the bulk download, the datasets are in gzip format. However, a bug in Chrome stores the file double-gzipped. In order to see the data correctly you will have to unzip the file twice.
It is possible to access the datasets through:
Further details are available in the online help about Web Services.
Technical – Other questions
We suggest that you explore the following pages:
- Website guide
- Our products & tools
- Our services
- Statistics Explained, your guide to European statistics presenting statistical topics in an easily understandable way
- Statistics by theme, giving an overview of our statistical themes sections which provide access to data and background information
- Statistics A-Z
- Eurostat concepts and definitions database (CODED)
If you still have not found the data you are looking for, please contact our User support team.
Metadata available in ESMS format is used for Eurostat data in all domains, collections and indicators that are disseminated on the web site. Methodological information is also available, in a more popular form, in Statistics Explained.
Furthermore, most of the dedicated sections of statistical themes contain a methodology section. The statistical themes can be browsed here.
To register, please visit the home page of our website and register in the top right corner.
As a registered user you can:
- receive tailor-made e-mail alerts informing you of new publications as soon as they are online
- access enhanced functionalities of the databases (customize the navigation tree, bulk download)
The registration works for all Eurostat products and services, except the detailed International Trade in Goods Data,for which there is a separate registration and Easy Comext login function. Registration enables access to more functions and to a higher amount of data cells.
If you have forgotten your password you have to obtain a new one. Click on "Lost your Password?" on the sign in page.
For EU LOGIN support, click on the contact link.
In order to communicate with a specific person, please contact our User Support Team (only in English) available every working day from 09.00 to 12.00 and 14.00 to 17.00 under +352 4301 36789 or by e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
My question is related to a particular dataset or statistical domain
I did not find an answer to my question
Please send your questions, comments and suggestions to the European Statistical Data Support via the User Support form or by telephone. There are currently 28 languages covered by 32 support centres.