Overview - Sustainable development indicators

Sustainable Development Goals – Overview


Image SDG © European Union /  © Colour wheel: United Nations

What are the sustainable development goals (SDGs)?

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their related 169 targets, which are at the heart of the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, provide a new policy framework worldwide towards ending all forms of poverty, fighting inequalities and tackling climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.

What is the EU answer to the SDGs?

Sustainable development objectives have been at the heart of European policy for a long time, firmly anchored in the European Treaties (Articles 3 (5) and 21 (2) of the Treaty on European Union) and mainstreamed in key cross-cutting projects, sectoral policies and initiatives. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the United Nations (UN) in September 2015, have given a new impetus to global efforts for achieving sustainable development. The EU, in coordination with its Member States, is committed to support the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and to strive towards a sustainable future for all. The EU's answer to the 2030 Agenda is outlined in the 22 November 2016 European Commission's Communication Next steps for a sustainable European future - European action for sustainability".

What is Eurostat's role?

Eurostat is called to regularly monitor progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. For this purpose it coordinated the development of the EU SDG indicator set and keeps it up to date. It also produces regular monitoring reports on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context.

To find out more about the SDGs in an EU context and the results of Eurostat's monitoring, please see the pages 'Key findings' and 'Indicators' in this section.

How does Eurostat monitor progress towards the SDGs in the EU?

The Communication foresees regular monitoring of progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. The Eurostat publication 'Sustainable Development in the European Union – Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context - 2021 edition’ is the most recent of these regular monitoring exercises. It looks at the aspects of the SDGs that are relevant from an EU perspective and therefore does not aim at exhaustively assessing EU progress towards the 169 targets of the 2030 Agenda. It provides a first statistical assessment of trends in relation to the SDGs in the EU during the past five years ('short-term') and, whenever data availability allows, during the past 15 years ('long-term'). 

The indicator trends are described on the basis of specific quantitative rules. For indicators for which quantitative EU targets exist, the progress is analysed in relation to those targets. This applies to 15 out of the 102 indicators, mainly in the areas of climate, energy consumption, education, poverty and employment. All other indicators are analysed according to the direction and speed of change. The indicator trends are presented visually in the form of arrows. The methodology applied is explained in detail in the monitoring report.

The monitoring report builds on the EU SDG indicator set. The 102 indicators (37 of which are multipurpose, i.e. are used to monitor more than one SDG) have strong links with the above-mentioned Communication and the EU policy initiatives mentioned in the accompanying Commission Staff Working Document ‘Key European action supporting the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development’.

The EU SDG indicator set is open to annual reviews to incorporate indicators from new data sources as well as to take into account new targets in line with the longer-term vision of the EU after 2020 and the priorities of the European Commission, such as the European Green Deal and other initiatives. In preparation of the EU SDG monitoring report 2021, the indicator set was reviewed between October 2020 and January 2021. This​  report describes the process and presents the outcome of the review. The new​​​  EU SDG indicator set 2021 is implemented on Eurostat's website together with the release of the 2021 edition of the EU SDG monitoring report. The previous versions of the indicator set are also available in Excel format:   2020,  2019,  2018 and ​​​​​​​ 2017.

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SDGs at a glance

Not much time? Have a look at the 2021 brochure that offers a concise and visual overview of the key findings of the 2021 EU SDG monitoring report.

Interactive publication 'SDGs & me'

Visualise the SDGs

Have a look at the new features of our innovative interactive publication ‘SDGs & me’ and explore and evaluate the situation of your country compared to others for a subset of the EU SDG indicators.

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Discover the progress of SDGs in the EU

Our visualisation tool will give you a quick overview of the current progress towards each of the SDGs and its sub-goals on an EU level.


Compare your country’s progress

Do you want to know how your country performs for the SDGs compared to the EU average? Did it make any progress? Our tool will show you!

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Cover of the publication ‘Sustainable development in the European Union 2021’

Read the full 2021 report

Our publication provides a detailed description of the situation in the EU and its Member States, in relation to the 17 SDGs in an EU context.