European health statistics measure both objective and subjective aspects of population's health. They cover different kinds of health-related issues in different sides of everybody's life, including key indicators on the functioning of the health care systems.

These aspects include:

  • Public health
    • Health status: self-reported health and morbidity, functional and activity limitations, injuries
    • Health determinants: overweight and obesity, physical activity, dietary habits, risky behaviours such as tobacco and alcohol consumption
    • Health care: health care expenditure, health care resources (staff and facilities) and activities (hospital and ambulatory services)
    • Morbidity: diagnosis-specific morbidity (prevalence and incidence rates for defined diseases). This domain is under development.
    • Disability: prevalence of disability, employment of disabled persons, barriers to the social integration of disabled persons
    • Causes of death: national and regional mortality data by causes of death
  • Health and safety at work

    • Accidents at work: incidence of accidents, causes of accidents
    • Occupational diseases and other work-related health problems: incidence of work-related health problems, hazardous exposure

Uses of the data

Health statistics are used to monitor the EU Health strategy, the EU Strategy on health and safety at work  and their contribution to the Europe 2020 strategy. They have a key role to support the elaboration of evidence-based policies both at national and European levels.

Those statistics also serve for calculating indicators of the health portfolio used for the monitoring of the social protection and social inclusion and the set of indicators known as the European Core Health Indicators (ECHI).