Peer reviews in the European Statistical System

Peer reviews are part of the European Statistical System (EES) strategy to implement the Code of Practice (CoP). Their objective is to enhance the integrity, independence and accountability of the statistical authorities which make up the ESS. A first round of peer reviews was carried out in 2006-2008. A second round was launched in December 2013. Both rounds cover all the EU Member States and the EFTA Member States Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.

An overview of the general framework for the peer reviews and the main characteristics of each round are described in:

Peer reviews in the European Statistical System.

The second round of peer reviews (2013-2015)

You can find below the questionnaires completed by the national statistical authorities (NSIs and Other National Authorities). These are a full and a light questionnaire on compliance with the CoP, a questionnaire on coordination within the statistical system, and a questionnaire on cooperation within and integration of the ESS. Two guides explaining the exercise, one for the statistical authorities and one for the peer reviewers, are also provided.

Self-assessment questionnaire on the implementation of the European Statistics Code of Practice

Light Self-assessment questionnaire on the implementation of the European Statistics Code of Practice

Questionnaire on the Coordination role of the NSIs

Questionnaire on cooperation/level of integration achieved by the ESS

Guide for NSIs and Other National Authorities

Guide for Peer Reviewers

The peer review of Eurostat has been conducted by the European Statistical Governance Advisory Board (ESGAB) applying the methodology developed for the NSIs peer reviews although slightly adapted to take into account Eurostat's specificities. The Eurostat peer review report and the Eurostat improvement actions in response to the ESGAB recommendations can be found at the top right part of this page.

Reports presenting the outcomes for each country as well as the improvement actions in response to the recommendations are provided in the table below. As in the first round of peer reviews, Eurostat prepared a report to the European Parliament and the Council. The report summarises the strengths of the ESS and the recommendations proposed by the peers.

2013-2015 Code of Practice Peer review reports by country

Report Improvement actions
Belgium IA
Bulgaria IA
Czech republic IA
Denmark IA
Germany IA
Estonia IA
Ireland IA
Greece IA
 Spain IA
France IA
[HR] Croatia IA
Italy IA
Cyprus IA
Latvia IA
Lithuania IA
Luxembourg IA
Hungary IA
Malta IA
Netherlands IA
Austria IA
Poland IA
Portugal IA
Romania IA
Slovenia IA
Slovak Republic (pilot I)  *) IA
Finland IA
Sweden IA
United Kingdom IA
Iceland (pilot II)  *) IA
Liechtenstein IA
Norway IA
Switzerland IA

*) Following the conclusion of the peer review exercise, the pilot peer review reports for Iceland and the Slovak Republic have been harmonised so that they are in line with the approach and style applied to the other reports on compliance with the Code of Practice and the coordination role of the National Statistical Institutes.

Comparing issues and recommendations of the peer review reports

The main section of the reports (section 4.2) discusses the issues found by the peers in each country and Eurostat, and proposes recommendations to further enhance or comply with the European Statistics Code of Practice. In order to facilitate the access and analysis of the wealth of information contained in that section Eurostat has developed two tools: (i) a codification table and (ii) an adaptation of the European Statistical System Metadata Handler (ESS MH).

Issues and recommendations have been encoded according to the codification table and the ESS MH has been adapted and fed to create 33 files. The files are available at:

To access them, users would need:

  • an ECAS account (if you do not have an ECAS account please follow the instructions of this link) and

  • a permission which is granted by Eurostat. Please contact, giving them your ECAS username, and an e-mail address + the name of the domain you would like to work in (PEER REVIEW)

Guidance is available here.

The first round of peer reviews (2006-2008)

Documents relating to the first round of peer reviews are available here.