In June 2022, among the EU Member States for which data are available, Poland granted the highest number of temporary protection statuses to Ukrainians fleeing Ukraine (60 125) as a consequence of Russia’s invasion. Poland was followed by Romania (10 360), Ireland (6 985) and Bulgaria (6 920).
While the overwhelming majority of persons receiving temporary protection were Ukrainians, there were also citizens of other countries who received such status in the EU Member States, e.g. 405 Russians in Poland and 2 400 Nigerians and 410 Moroccans in Portugal.
Compared with May 2022, the number of Ukrainians receiving temporary protection fell in all 19 EU Member States with available data. The largest decreases were observed in Poland (-35 960 people compared with May 2022), followed by Lithuania (-13 405), Bulgaria (-12 945) and Romania (-10 075).
Based on the available data as of 30th June 2022, Poland had a total of 1.2 million Ukrainians benefitting from temporary protection. Bulgaria (118 810 Ukrainian beneficiaries), France (64 970), Lithuania (48 960), Belgium (47 945) and Romania (43 550) were the other Member States with the highest total numbers of Ukrainian beneficiaries of temporary protection.
Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection based on the Council Implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, establishing the existence of a mass influx of displaced persons from Ukraine due to Russia’s invasion, and having the effect of introducing temporary protection.
Compared with the population of each Member State, the ratio of granted temporary protections per thousand inhabitants was low. The highest ratio of Ukrainian citizens granted temporary protection in June 2022 was recorded in Poland (1.6 granted temporary protection per thousand inhabitants), followed by Latvia (1.5), Ireland (1.4) and Lithuania (1.3).
One quarter of Ukrainians seeking protection in Poland were children
Poland granted the highest number of temporary protections for Ukrainian children (persons under 18 years old), a total of 15 445 (equivalent to 26% of Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in June 2022), followed by Romania with 3 815 (37%) and Bulgaria with 1 790 (26%).
Notably, in all countries for which June 2022 data are available, children below the age of 14 represented more than 70% of all children granted temporary protection.
Predominantly Ukrainian females seeking protection in the EU Member States
In the EU Member States for which data are available, the majority of Ukrainians granted temporary protection were females, including girls. The largest number of females who received temporary protection were reported by Poland (41 675, or 69% of the Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in June), Romania (6 400, or 62%) and Bulgaria (4 255, or 61%).
Ukrainians boys below 18 years old represented around half of the temporary protection requests granted in Slovenia (57%), Romania (50%), Malta and Denmark (both 49%) while in Latvia (26%) and Portugal (28%) they represented around one-quarter of the requests.
For more information:
- Database on asylum statistics
- Dedicated section on migration and asylum statistics
- Statistics Explained article on monthly asylum statistics
- Statistics Explained article on annual asylum statistics
- European Commission – Temporary protection
- Czechia, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands and Austria: data not available for May 2022. Czechia, Germany, Estonia, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, the Netherlands and Austria: data not available for June 2022. This is because the data collection is carried out on a voluntary basis, so the completeness of the data may vary.
- Temporary protection is a procedure provided only in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons from third countries who are unable to return to their country of origin. These people are granted immediate and temporary protection, in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process the influx without adverse effects for its efficient operation, in the interests of the persons concerned and other persons requesting protection.
- Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection and not to the registrations for temporary protection, which may precede the process of granting the status. Therefore, the data may not present all persons fleeing Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and who have registered but not yet formally received temporary protection.