In 2020, national expenditure on environmental protection (NEEP) of the EU Member States amounted to €273 billion. Rising on average by over 2% each year, NEEP increased by 40% since 2006.
As a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), expenditure on environmental protection remained relatively stable for the last fifteen years (between 1.8% and 2.0% of GDP).
This information comes from data on environmental protection expenditure accounts published by Eurostat today. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained article.
Source dataset: env_ac_epneis
Corporations’ spending represents the largest share of the environmental protection expenditure, accounting for 57% of the total in 2020. The contribution of the general government and non-profit sector and of households are much smaller, at 22%, and 21% respectively of the total in 2020.
The share of investments in the total environmental protection expenditure was 20% (€54 billion) in 2020.
For more information:
- National expenditure on environmental protection measures the economic resources used devoted by resident entities units to protect the environment, i.e. protection of air and climate, soil, water and biodiversity, waste and wastewater management as well as research and development, education and training, and administrative activities to protect the environment.
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article on environmental protection expenditure accounts
- Eurostat dedicated section of environmental protection statistics
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