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The inactive population is not a traditional target group for the Public Employment Services (PES), although a significant share of it wants to work and is potentially available for work. The study surveys existing policy regimes and outreach measures for three target groups among the inactive that are central to current policy discussions on increasing labour force participation and social inclusion: 1) Inactive older workers; 2) Working-age women not in the labour force; and 3) Ethnic minorities and migrants. It also depicts in more detail six case studies from Austria, Germany, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Sweden.
This paper focuses on how national PES can facilitate labour market transitions for those people in new atypical forms of work (such as jobs in the "gig" economy). Based on the responses of national PES the paper looks at the availability of training, course curricula, client profiles, skill needs identification and the use of technology in both the promotion and delivery of training. PES responses indicate that the necessary adaptations to the traditional PES model have not yet been introduced by most PES. The paper concludes with good practices to facilitate adaptation to the new world of work. They include more flexible availability of training; more broad-based course curricula; a more heterogeneous client profile; the identification of skills needs and the use of technology to deliver flexible training remotely.
PES support for start-ups – what is effective?
A September 2017 study presents the lessons learnt from the vast PES experience in offering start-up support to jobseekers who want to become self-employed or start their own business. It provides a basis for PES needing to navigate the increasingly globalised and digitalised world of self-employment, and effectively guide jobseekers wishing to embark on such an experience.
If well-designed and targeted, start-up incentives and support have proven effective in bringing unemployed back to the labour market. In the longer term, there is even a job-creation effect.
Well-designed start-up support requires specialist trainers and advisers. It is also recommended to offer a mix of support measures, including appropriate benefits, access to capital, training, counselling and guidance.
'Bottleneck vacancies’ refers to vacancies for occupations which are considered to be in short supply. They are found not only in high-skilled occupations, such as IT, scientific, engineering or medical professionals, but also in skilled and low-skilled manual occupations. The first mainly arise from skills deficits, but the latter are more due to recruitment and retention problems related to working conditions and pay. The study compares shortage and surplus occupations, based on data from the Public Employment Services of the EU, Norway and Iceland, and the Labour Force Survey.
This reports presents the discussions that took place during the study visit to the Belgian Flemish PES (VDAB) on 22 November 2016 to gain practical insight into the organisation’s Innovation Lab. The report focuses on what the ten visiting PES heard on the day and the conclusions that collectively emerged throughout the day.