Methodology - Science, technology and innovation
Detailed information on surveys and indicators is available through the metadata files accompanying the Eurobase tables. The method of collection varies from one domain to another.
Research and development (R&D)
- Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development, Frascati Manual, OECD, 2015.
Community innovation survey (CIS)
Data from national CIS surveys are collected and compiled according to the guidelines laid down in the Oslo Manuals - the reference manuals for innovation statistics. The last editions are :
- Oslo Manual 2018 - Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition, OECD/Eurostat, 2018
- Oslo Manual - Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, 3rd Edition, OECD/European Commission, 2005
High-tech industry and knowledge-intensive services
Data from various sources collected in different ways; statistics compiled at Eurostat.
Data from the patent database PATSTAT hosted by European Patent Office (EPO). PATSTAT gathers data on applications to the EPO and around 70 national patent offices across the world (mainly USPTO and JPO) - statistics compiled at Eurostat.
Human resources in science and technology (HRST)
Data from the EU Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Data Collection on Education Systems (UOE) according to the guidelines in the Canberra Manual, OECD, 1995 - statistics compiled at Eurostat.
Careers of doctorate holders
Data from the two first rounds (2006 and 2009) of the international survey on the Careers of Doctorate Holders (CDH), jointly carried out by Eurostat, the OECD and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics.