Methodology - Education and training
Education and training statistics are based on four main data sources.
The joint UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) data collection on formal education systems provides annual data on participation and completion of education programmes by pupils and students, personnel in education and the cost and type of resources dedicated to education. The reference period for non-monetary education data (e.g. students enrolled, entrants) is the school/academic year, where "2013" stands for school/academic year 2012-2013. For expenditure data the reference period is the financial year.
The AES provides an overview of the participation of individuals in education and training (formal, non-formal and informal learning). The reference period for the participation in education and training is the twelve months prior to the interview. The survey focuses on people aged 25-64. A pilot survey took place around the year 2007, and a full AES was implemented in 2011/12 and 2016/17. The next AES is due in 2022/23.
The CVTS collects information on enterprises' investment in the continuing vocational training of their staff. The reference period for the provision of continuing vocational training is the calendar year and data are collected every five years. The most recent year for which data are available is 2015.
The EU Labour Force Survey (LFS) provides annual data for several education and training indicators:
- For the indicator "adult participation in learning", defined as the participation of people aged 25-64 in (formal or non-formal) education and training. The reference period for the participation in education and training is the four weeks prior to the interview. Further methodological information is available here.
- For statistics on educational attainment and outcomes of education, such as "early leavers from education and training", "young people neither in employment nor in education and training – NEET" or the labour status of young people shortly after graduation. Further methodological information is available here.