Education and training statistics are based on four main data sources.

Education systems (UOE)

The joint UNESCO-OECD-Eurostat (UOE) data collection on formal education systems provides annual data on participation and completion of education programmes by pupils and students, personnel in education and the cost and type of resources dedicated to education. The reference period for non-monetary education data (e.g. students enrolled, entrants) is the school/academic year, where "2013" stands for school/academic year 2012-2013. For expenditure data the reference period is the financial year.

Adult Education Survey (AES)

The AES provides an overview of the participation of people aged 25-64 in education and training, meaning in formal, non-formal, and informal learnin). The reference period for the participation in education and training is the 12 months prior to the interview. A pilot survey took place around the year 2007, and a full AES was implemented in 2011/12 and 2016/17. The next AES is due in 2022/23. 

Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS)

The CVTS collects information on how much businesses invest in the continuing vocational training of their staff. The reference period is the calendar year and data are collected every 5 years. The most recent year for which data are available is 2020.

Labour Force Survey (LFS)

The EU Labour Force Survey (LFS) provides annual data for several education and training indicators.

‘Adult participation in learning,’ which is the participation of people aged 25 to 64 in education and training, whether formal or non-formal. The reference period for the participation in education and training is the 4 weeks prior to the interview.

Statistics on educational attainment and educational outcomes, such as ‘early leavers from education and training.’ Statistics are also available for ‘young people neither in employment nor in education and training – NEET,’ or the labour situation of young people shortly after graduation.