Two-thirds of deaths under 75 could have been avoided - Products Eurostat News

null Two-thirds of deaths under 75 could have been avoided

14/08/2020

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In 2016, 1.5 million people aged less than 75 years died in the European Union (EU), out of which two-thirds (1.0 million) could be considered as premature according to the Eurostat-OECD list of avoidable mortality. These deaths could have been avoided through effective public health and primary prevention interventions (preventable deaths) or through timely and effective health care interventions (treatable deaths).

In the EU, the most common causes of death from treatable diseases/conditions among people under 75 years of age were ischaemic heart diseases (standardised death rate of 18.9 per 100 000 inhabitants under 75 years), colorectal cancer (15.1), breast cancer (female only; 10.9), cerebrovascular diseases (10.0) and pneumonia (5.2). In 2016, these five causes accounted for 65% of all deaths from treatable diseases/conditions in the EU.

In 19 of the 27 EU Member States, ischaemic heart disease recorded the highest standardised death rate in 2017 for people aged less than 75 years among these five leading causes of death from treatable diseases/conditions. In seven others - Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France (2016 data), Italy, the Netherlands and Portugal - the highest standardised death rate was for colorectal cancer, while in Bulgaria, the highest standardized death rate was for cerebrovascular diseases.

 

Standardised death rate for treatable diseases,2017

Source dataset: hlth_cd_apr

 

Main cause of preventable deaths: lung cancer

In the EU, lung cancer (37.1 per 100 000 inhabitants under 75 years), ischaemic heart diseases (18.9), alcohol-specific disorders and poisonings (11.7), cerebrovascular diseases and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (both 10.0) were the five most common causes of preventable death among people aged less than 75 years, accounting for 55% of all such deaths in 2016.

In 2017, among these five leading causes of preventable deaths, lung cancer had the highest standardised death rate for people aged less than 75 years in 20 of the 27 EU Member States. Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Slovakia recorded the highest rate of preventable deaths for ischaemic heart disease, while Estonia and Finland registered the highest rate for alcohol-specific disorders and poisonings. Bulgaria had the highest rate of preventable deaths for cerebrovascular diseases.

 

Standardised death rate for preventable diseases

Source dataset: hlth_cd_apr

 

For more information, you can read the Statistics Explained article Preventable and treatable mortality statistics.

 

Note: The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.

 

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