Culture – Overview


Image illustrating Beethoven statue in Bonn/Germany © Mikhail Markovskiy /

What information can I find here?

Culture statistics for the EU are not collected by a single stand-alone survey, but come from different Eurostat data collections. Culture statistics concern both social and economic aspects. Data available in this section cover the following topics:

  • Cultural employment;
  • Characteristics and performance of enterprises engaged in cultural economic activities & sold production of cultural goods;
  • International trade in cultural goods;
  • International trade in cultural services;
  • Cultural participation (practice and attendance) and culture in cities (such as satisfaction with cultural facilities of cities' residents and 'cultural infrastructure');
  • Private (household) expenditure on cultural goods and services;
  • Price index of cultural goods and services;
  • Public (government) expenditure on culture. 

For more detailed information on the data and indicators covered by these topics, please see the page 'Information on data' in this section.

Why are these statistics important and what is the European Commission doing in this regard?

Culture has been recognised as a driver of the economic development contributing to the economic growth, peoples' well-being and social cohesion in Europe. The culture sector is also an excellent conduit for promoting social inclusion and supporting cultural diversity. Statistics on culture help to answer questions on its impact on the whole economy  as well as enable to draw the picture of societal aspects of culture, such as how many people participate in cultural events, how much households or governments spent on culture, and many more.

The European Commission is committed to promoting cultural diversity, protecting cultural heritage, easing obstacles to the mobility of cultural professionals, and supporting the contribution of cultural and creative industries to boosting growth and jobs across the EU, in line with the principles of the current European Agenda for Culture.


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