Retour Which EU countries had the highest GDP in 2019?


© imagineerinx/

In 2019, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the European Union (EU) stood at around €13 900 billion at current prices. In real terms, the EU’s GDP in 2019 was 17% higher than its level one decade earlier.

However, due to restrictions implemented across the world in 2020 to slow down the rapid spread of COVID-19, GDP is now falling sharply (see latest press release).

Almost a quarter of the EU’s GDP (24.7%) was generated by Germany, followed by France (17.4%) and Italy (12.8%), ahead of Spain (8.9%) and the Netherlands (5.8%).

At the opposite end of the scale, ten EU Member States contributed less than 1% of the EU’s total GDP: Malta (which had the lowest share of EU GDP at 0.1%), Estonia, Cyprus and Latvia (all 0.2%), Lithuania and Slovenia (both 0.3%), Bulgaria and Croatia (both 0.4%), Luxembourg (0.5%) and Slovakia (0.7%).

The 19 EU Member States that comprise the euro area had a combined GDP of €11 900 billion and accounted for 85.5% of the EU’s GDP in 2019.



Source dataset: nama_10_gdp


Note: The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.


To contact us, please visit our User Support page.

For press queries, please contact our Media Support.