There are imbalances in the earnings of women and men. One way of measuring this imbalance is through the gender pay gap, which shows the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women expressed as a percentage of the average gross hourly earnings of men. It is calculated for enterprises with 10 or more employees.
In 2019, women's gross hourly earnings were on average 14.1% below those of men in the EU. This varied among the EU Member States, with the highest differences observed in Estonia (21.7%), Latvia (21.2%), Austria (19.9%) and Germany (19.2%).
On the other end of the scale, the differences were smallest in Luxembourg (1.3%), Romania (3.3%), Italy (4.7%) and Belgium (5.8%).
For more information:
To contact us, please visit our User Support page.
For press queries, please contact our Media Support.