Overview - Social protection

Social Protection (ESSPROS) – Overview

Introduction

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What information can I find here?

Data on social protection cover the following aspects:

  • expenditure by function (sickness/health care, disability, old age, survivors, family/children, unemployment, housing and social exclusion);
  • receipts by type and sector of origin;
  • number of pension beneficiaries by sex; 
  • net social benefits, meaning the expenditure in social benefits less taxes and social contributions paid on them.

In addition, you can find detailed data and metadata (qualitative information and quality reports) for each social protection scheme together with the list of national schemes.

For more detailed information on the data covered, please see the page 'Information on data' in this section.

What is ESSPROS?

ESSPROS is short for 'European System of integrated Social PROtection Statistics'. ESSPROS is a common framework which enables international comparison of the administrative national data on social protection. It provides a coherent comparison between European countries of social benefits to households and their financing.

The ESSPROS data collection consists of a core system and specific modules. The core system provides annual data on social protection receipts and expenditure by schemes. The modules gather supplementary information on aspects of social protection, such as pensions beneficiaries and net social benefits.

Why are these statistics important and what is the European Commission doing in this regard?

The European System of integrated Social PROtection Statistics (ESSPROS) was developed in the late ‘70s by Eurostat jointly with representatives of the Member States of the European Union in response to the need for a specific instrument for statistical observation of social protection in the Member States. In the European Pillar of Social Rights proclaimed in November 2017, 10 key principles are related to social protection and inclusion. The European Commission supports and complements the Member States' policies in the fields of social inclusion and social protection.

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