In August 2022, among the EU Member States for which data are available, Poland granted the highest number of temporary protection statuses to Ukrainians fleeing Ukraine (67 280) as a consequence of Russia’s invasion. Poland was followed by Germany (62 140), Romania (9 715), France (6 410) and Spain (6 165).
Compared with July 2022, the number of Ukrainians receiving temporary protection fell in 12 of the 22 EU Member States with available data. The largest decreases were observed in Bulgaria (-1 985 people compared with July 2022), followed by Ireland (-1 690) and Hungary (-1 240). Meanwhile, significant increases were recorded in Poland (+9 990), France (+2 585) and Romania (+2 320).
On 31st August 2022, and for the countries for which data are available, Poland reported a total of 1.3 million Ukrainians benefitting from decisions granting temporary protection. Spain (139 965 Ukrainian beneficiaries), Bulgaria (130 290) and Slovakia (86 965) were the other Member States with the highest total numbers of Ukrainian beneficiaries of temporary protection.
Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection based on the Council Implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, establishing the existence of a mass influx of displaced persons from Ukraine due to Russia’s invasion, and having the effect of introducing temporary protection.
Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest ratio of Ukrainian citizens granted temporary protection in August 2022 per thousand inhabitants was recorded in Estonia (1.9 granted temporary protection per thousand inhabitants), followed by Poland (1.8) and Lithuania (1.4).
Over one quarter of Ukrainians seeking protection in Poland were children
Poland granted the highest number of temporary protections for Ukrainian children (persons under 18 years old), a total of 19 120 (equivalent to 28% of Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in August 2022), followed by Germany (18 545, 30%) and Romania (2 970, 31%).
Notably, in all countries for which August 2022 data are available, children below the age of 14 represented more than two-thirds of all children granted temporary protection.
Predominantly Ukrainian females seeking protection in the EU Member States
In the EU Member States for which data are available, the majority of Ukrainians granted temporary protection were females, including girls.
The largest number of females who received temporary protection were reported by Poland (42 510, or 63% of Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in August), Germany (37 450, or 60%) and Romania (5 345, or 55%).
Similarly, the largest number of males who received temporary protection were also reported by Poland (24 765, or 37%), Germany (24 575, or 40%) and Romania (4 365, or 45%).
For more information:
- Dedicated section on the impact of the war in Ukraine
- Database on asylum statistics
- Dedicated section on migration and asylum statistics
- Statistics Explained article on monthly asylum statistics
- Statistics Explained article on annual asylum statistics
- European Commission – Temporary protection
- Italy and Cyprus: data not available for August 2022. Czechia and the Netherlands: data not available for April-August 2022. Germany: data not available for March-July 2022. Austria: data not available for April-June 2022. This is because the data collection is carried out on a voluntary basis, so the completeness of the data may vary.
- Temporary protection is a procedure provided only in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons from third countries who are unable to return to their country of origin. These people are granted immediate and temporary protection, in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process the influx without adverse effects for its efficient operation, in the interests of the persons concerned and other persons requesting protection.
- Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection and not to the registrations for temporary protection, which may precede the process of granting the status. Therefore, the data may not present all persons fleeing Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and who have registered but not yet formally received temporary protection.
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