Three jobs out of four in services


© g-stockstudio /

The shift towards a service economy is a long-term trend already observed in the EU in the second half of the 20th century. In 2018, employment in services accounted for 74 % of total employment in the EU compared with 66 % in 2000, while employment in industry decreased from 26 % in 2000 to 22 % in 2018 and agriculture halved from 8 % to 4 %. As regards value added, services generated 73 % of total value added in 2018, industry 25 % and agriculture 2 %.

Among the Member States, the share of agricultural employment in 2018 was the highest in Romania (23 % of total employment), Bulgaria (18 %), Greece (11 %) and Poland (10 %), while the highest shares for industrial employment were observed in Czechia (37 %), Slovakia (32 %), Poland (31 %), Romania and Slovenia (both 30 %). Service activities represented 80 % of total employment or just over in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Malta, France, Luxembourg and Denmark.

Do you want to know more about how a large range of other economic topics have changed since the start of the millennium? Go and have a look at the new digital publication The European economy since the start of the millennium!

To contact us, please visit our User Support page.

For press queries, please contact our Media Support.