Back Impact of COVID-19 on rail passenger transport in Q1 2021


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The restrictive measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and change in travel preferences significantly affected the travel sector, including rail travel. 

In the first quarter of 2021, the number of rail passengers remained significantly below those in the same quarter a year ago, when COVID-19 did not yet have a tangible impact on the EU countries. The largest decrease was observed in Ireland (-85%, -8.4 million passengers compared with the first quarter of 2020). 

Ireland was followed by Greece (-66%, -2.6 million passengers), Slovakia (-60%, -9.8 million passengers), the Netherlands (-59%, -46.9 million passengers) and Denmark (-53%, -22 million).

Slovenia (-11%, -0.3 million passengers), Bulgaria (-19%, -0.9 million passengers) and Romania (-19%, -2.8 million passengers) recorded the smallest passenger decreases during the same period.


Bar chart: passengers carried by rail, Q1 2021 percentage change compared with Q1 2020, EU/EFTA countries, ranked from highest % change to lowest

Source dataset: rail_pa_quartal

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