In 2021 in the EU, 80% of the persons residing in private households aged 15-74 years were native-born with two native-born parents; 13% were foreign-born; 4% were native-born with one foreign-born parent; and 3% were native-born with two foreign-born parents.
This information comes from a series of Statistics Explained articles on foreign-born people and their descendants published by Eurostat today. There are five articles with information on the main characteristics of foreign-born people and their immediate descendants, educational attainment levels and skills in host country languages, labour market conditions, labour market indicators and levels of job satisfaction.
In terms of educational attainment, foreign-born persons living in the EU in 2021 were more likely to have, at most, lower secondary educational attainment (36%) than native-born persons. The highest share of those who had attained tertiary education was observed for native-born persons with one foreign-born parent (34%).
Concerning participation in the labour market, the employment rate in the EU in 2021 for native-born persons with only one foreign-born parent was 75%; this rate was lower for native-born persons with two foreign-born parents (72%) and foreign-born persons (67%). For native-born persons with two native-born parents, the employment rate was 74%.
The unemployment rate in 2021 for native-born persons with two native-born parents was 6%; this rate was higher for native-born persons with only one foreign-born parent (7%), native-born persons with two foreign-born parents (8%) and foreign-born persons (12%).
Regarding employment conditions, across the EU, the highest share of employed persons working part-time in 2021 was observed for native-born persons with two foreign-born parents (23%). Foreign-born persons had the highest share of employees with a contract of limited duration (19%) and the highest share of employed persons with an elementary occupation (also 19%). The highest share of self-employed was observed for native-born persons with two native-born parents (14%).
For more information:
- A series of Statistics Explained articles on foreign-born people and their descendants
- Dedicated section on migrant integration
- Database on migrant integration
- Dedicated section on the EU Labour Force Survey
- Database on Labour Force Survey
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