null Foreign-born people and their descendants in the EU

24‑11‑2022

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In 2021 in the EU, 80% of the persons residing in private households aged 15-74 years were native-born with two native-born parents; 13% were foreign-born; 4% were native-born with one foreign-born parent; and 3% were native-born with two foreign-born parents. 

This information comes from a series of Statistics Explained articles on foreign-born people and their descendants published by Eurostat today. There are five articles with information on the main characteristics of foreign-born people and their immediate descendants, educational attainment levels and skills in host country languages, labour market conditions, labour market indicators and levels of job satisfaction. 

 

Infographic: Key figures on foreign-born people and their descendants in the EU, 2021


Source datasets: lfsa_pganedm, lfso_21educ08, lfsa_erganedm, lfsa_urganedm, lfsa_egaftsm, lfsa_egaisedm and lfsa_eegatm

 

In terms of educational attainment, foreign-born persons living in the EU in 2021 were more likely to have, at most, lower secondary educational attainment (36%) than native-born persons. The highest share of those who had attained tertiary education was observed for native-born persons with one foreign-born parent (34%). 

Concerning participation in the labour market, the employment rate in the EU in 2021 for native-born persons with only one foreign-born parent was 75%; this rate was lower for native-born persons with two foreign-born parents (72%) and foreign-born persons (67%). For native-born persons with two native-born parents, the employment rate was 74%.

The unemployment rate in 2021 for native-born persons with two native-born parents was 6%; this rate was higher for native-born persons with only one foreign-born parent (7%), native-born persons with two foreign-born parents (8%) and foreign-born persons (12%).

Regarding employment conditions, across the EU, the highest share of employed persons working part-time in 2021 was observed for native-born persons with two foreign-born parents (23%). Foreign-born persons had the highest share of employees with a contract of limited duration (19%) and the highest share of employed persons with an elementary occupation (also 19%). The highest share of self-employed was observed for native-born persons with two native-born parents (14%).


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