8.7 million people in cultural employment in the EU - Products Eurostat News

null 8.7 million people in cultural employment in the EU


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Logo Statistics Explained

In 2017, around 8.7 million people in the European Union (EU) were working in a cultural sector or occupation. This group of workers represents 3.8 % of the total number of people in employment.

In the individual EU Member States, the percentage of people employed in culture in 2017 varied from 1.6 % in Romania to 5.5 % in Estonia, with most lying between 3 % and 5 %.

Bar chart: cultural employment as a share of total employment, by country, 2017


The source data set is here.

The term 'cultural employment' relates to employment in economic activities such as:

  • creative, arts and entertainment activities
  • libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities
  • publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities; printing
  • programming and broadcasting activities; motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities
  • specialised design activities.

Cultural employment also includes occupations such as writers, architects, musicians, journalists, actors, dancers, librarians, handicraft workers or graphic designers.


For more information:

  • Statistics Explained article 'Culture statistics – cultural employment', including trends over time, results by sex, age, educational attainment and employment characteristics (self-employment, full-time work)
  • Overview of culture statistics on the Eurostat website.


To contact us: estat-user-support@ec.europa.eu