Back First-time asylum applicants up 4% in Q2 2018


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During the second quarter of 2018, 136 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the European Union (EU). This was an increase of 4% compared with the first quarter of 2018, when 131 400 first-time applicants were registered.

Chart: Asylum applications 2014-2018


Source dataset is available here.


Most applications from Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis and Venezuelans

With 18 300 first-time applicants between April and June 2018, Syrians remained the largest group of persons seeking international protection in the EU Member States. Syrians were ahead of Afghans (9 200 first-time applicants), Iraqis (8 400) and Venezuelans (7 600). In the second quarter of 2018, people from these countries comprised the four main citizenships of first-time asylum applicants in the EU Member States, accounting for almost one third of all first-time applicants.

Pie chart: citizenship of first time applicants Q2 2018



Most applications for asylum in Germany, France and Greece

During the second quarter of 2018, the highest number of first-time applicants was registered in Germany (with 33 700 first-time applicants, or 25 % of total first-time applicants in the EU Member States) and France (26 100, or 19 %), followed by Greece (16 300, or 12 %) and Spain (16 200, or 12%).

Among Member States with more than 2 000 first-time asylum seekers in the second quarter of 2018, numbers of first-time applicants decreased most compared with the previous quarter in Italy and Austria (both -23 %) and in Belgium and Sweden (both -10 %). In contrast, the largest increase was recorded in Spain (+85 %) and in Greece (+26 %).


Highest number of first-time applicants relative to the population in Cyprus

Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest rate of registered first-time applicants during the second quarter of 2018 was recorded in Cyprus (1 656 first-time applicants per million population), followed by Greece (1 521), Malta (889) and Luxembourg (703). In contrast, the lowest rates were observed in Slovakia (8 applicants per million population), Estonia (11), Hungary (15) and Latvia (16). In the second quarter of 2018, there were in total 267 first-time asylum applicants per million population in the EU as a whole.


Nearly a million asylum applications still pending

Pending applications for international protection are those that have been made at any time and are still under consideration by the relevant national authorities at the end of the reference period. In other words, they refer to the “stock” of applications for which decisions are still pending.

At the end of June 2018, 885 500 applications for asylum protection in the EU Member States were under consideration by the national authorities, a decrease of 8 % compared with June 2017 and less than 1 % below the figure for March 2018. With 410 600 pending applications at the end of June 2018, or almost half of the EU total (46 %), Germany had the largest share in the EU, ahead of Italy (131 900, or 15 % of the EU total) and Greece (60 500, or 7%).

Source dataset is available here.

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Statistics Explained article on quarterly asylum data

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