Legislation - Income and living conditions
Legal framework from 2021
Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 October 2019 establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples (IESS regulation)
Additional relevant regulations
Derogations to the IESS regulation are specified in the annex to 'Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/2050'.
Beyond the IESS regulation, three legal acts cover elements common to all social surveys:
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2181 of 16 December 2019 specifying technical characteristics as regards items common to several datasets pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council
⇒ establishing the technical characteristics of the statistical populations and observation units, descriptions of variables and of the statistical classifications for items common to several datasets across all seven domains (for more information see below under 'Read more').
- Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/256 of 16 December 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council by establishing a multiannual rolling planning
⇒ establishing periodicity of the data collection for all domains from 2021 until 2028.
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2180 of 16 December 2019 specifying the detailed arrangements and content for the quality reports pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council
⇒ establishing the structure of quality reports related to datasets to be transmitted by EU Member States to Eurostat.
In addition for EU-SILC, the following two regulations are in place:
- Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/258
⇒ specifying the number and the titles of the variables, for income and living conditions domain.
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2242
⇒ specifying the technical items of data sets, the technical formats for the transmission of information and specifications of the detailed arrangements and content of the quality reports for the income and living conditions domain.
Modules as of 2021
- 2023: Labour Market and housing (3 Year module), Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages and Housing difficulties (6 Year module), Energy efficiency/poverty (Ad-hoc policy need module);
- 2022: Health (3 Year module) and Quality of life (6 Year module);
- 2021: Children health, access to health care (children), children specific deprivation (3 Year module), living arrangements and conditions of children in separated and blended families (part of Annex II of Regulation (EU) 2019/2242) (Ad-hoc module).
The regulation 2019/1700 covers the following seven domains:
- Labour force,
- Income and living conditions,
- Education and training,
- Use of information and communication technologies,
- Time use,
Regulation 2019/1700 specifies for each domain the following key elements: the statistical population, observation units, sample frame, sample characteristics, precision requirements, topics and detailed topics, data transmission deadlines and periodicity.
The EU-SILC is a multi-purpose survey covering mainly the income and living conditions domain within the scope of the IESS regulation.
The EU-SILC survey is a key instrument to provide information required by the European Semester and the European Pillar of Social Rights, in particular on income distribution, poverty and social exclusion as well as on various topics related to living conditions and EU policies.
The European Commission specifies every year the technical items of the data set related to modules to ensure the accurate implementation of the sample survey for the income and living conditions domain.
In EU-SILC, there are three type of modules: (1) every three years, (2) every six years and (3) ad-hoc subject / policy need modules.
- The topics of the modules taking place every three years are 'Labour Market and Housing', 'Health' and 'Children'.
- The topics of the modules taking place every six years are 'Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages and Housing difficulties', 'Over-indebtedness, consumption and wealth', 'Access to services' and 'Quality of life'.
- Every second year starting from 2021, ad-hoc subject modules / policy need modules are included in EU-SILC. The aim of these modules is to provide timely information on specific area of interest.
Legal framework before 2021
The following implementing regulations provided further specifications for the implementation of EU-SILC (presented by short name in chronological order):
- Definitions, amended by 'Derogation on gross income data', listing the main basic definitions (household member, income) to be used in EU-SILC
- Fieldwork and imputation procedures
- Sampling and tracing rules
- List of permanent variables, giving the list of variables which are to be collected every year (so-called ‘primary' variables)
- Quality reports
- New material deprivation items from 2016 onwards
In addition, some regulations introduced variables which were collected every four or five years, so-called ‘secondary' variables.
List of annual ad-hoc modules (presented by short name in inverse chronological order):
- 2020 module: Over-indebtedness, consumption and wealth as well as labour
- 2019 module: Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages, household composition and evolution of income
- 2018 module: Material deprivation, well-being and housing difficulties
- 2017 module: Health and children's health
- 2016 module: Access to services
- 2015 module: Social and cultural participation and material deprivation
- 2014 module: Material deprivation
- 2013 module: Well-being
- 2012 module: Housing conditions
- 2011 module: Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages
- 2010 module: Intra-household sharing of resources
- 2009 module: Material deprivation
- 2008 module: Over-indebtedness and financial exclusion
- 2007 module: Housing conditions
- 2006 module: Social participation
- 2005 module: Intergenerational transmission of poverty