Overview - Energy

Energy - Overview


Energy - © Kletr / Shutterstock.com

The importance of energy statistics

Lighting, heating, transport, industry: energy is vital to run our essential day-to-day services and businesses. We take it for granted that we can switch on our computers and start our cars, yet these simple actions are the final stages of a complex process. For more information, watch our short video explaining how electricity is produced. 

Statistics can help to make the complex processes of the energy we use more understandable and can help us to answer questions such as:


Energy statistics are in the spotlight due to their strategic importance to the drive towards competitive and sustainable economic growth. In recent years, the European Union has faced a number of important energy issues. These have pushed the topic of energy towards the top of national and European political agendas, with energy statistics providing key information for policy makers.

In order to meet policy makers' growing needs for data on energy, Eurostat has developed a coherent and harmonised system of energy statistics. Annual, half-yearly and monthly data collections cover the Member States of the EU, European Economic Area countries, candidate countries, potential candidates and Energy Community Contracting Partners. Annual time-series run back to 1990.

Energy policies: challenges and strategies

The Energy Union is one of the 10 priorities of the European Commission. It aims to bring greater energy security, sustainability and competitiveness. This can be achieved by:

  • diversifying Europe's energy sources;
  • securing Europe's energy supply;
  • enhancing solidarity and cooperation among countries;
  • creating a fully-integrated internal energy market;
  • improving energy efficiency;
  • decarbonising our economy.

These challenges imply several energy related targets, in terms of share of energy from renewable sources, primary and final energy consumption, energy dependency or greenhouse gas emissions.

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Interactive publication on energy

Energy statistics made easy

Read our interactive publication to get familiar with energy statistics through easy texts, visualisations and videos.

Energy dashboard / © European Union

Energy dashboard

Discover the most important energy indicators and compare your country with others.

Sankey diagram

Energy flows

Visualise energy balances through flow diagrams (Sankey diagrams) and customise them by fuel and level of detail.

Energy visualisation tools / © European Union

Energy visualisation tools

Discover our different visualisation tools and explore energy data.

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Explore Further

Energy balances - © European Union

Energy balances

The energy balance allows to see the relative importance of the different fuels in their contribution to the economy.

Energy from renewables - © European Union

Energy from renewable sources

How much of the energy in your country comes from renewables? Find out more with our 'SHARES' tool.

Icon monthly data

Monthly data on energy

Eurostat publishes monthly energy data on supply and to a limited extent consumption of various fuels in an Excel file.