Overview - Energy

Energy - Overview


Energy - © Kletr / Shutterstock.com

The importance of energy statistics

Lighting, heating, transport, industry: energy is vital to run our essential day-to-day services and businesses. We take it for granted that we can switch on our computers and start our cars, yet these simple actions are the final stages of a complex process. For more information, watch our short video explaining how electricity is produced. 

Statistics can help to make the complex processes of the energy we use more understandable and can help us to answer questions such as:


Energy statistics are in the spotlight due to their strategic importance to the drive towards competitive and sustainable economic growth. In recent years, the European Union has faced a number of important energy issues. These have pushed the topic of energy towards the top of national and European political agendas, with energy statistics providing key information for policy makers. The COVID-19 pandemic and, more importantly, the Russian military agression against Ukraine have substantially changed the energy landscape in the EU.

In order to meet policy makers' growing needs for data on energy, Eurostat has developed a coherent and harmonised system of energy statistics. Annual, half-yearly and monthly data collections cover the Member States of the EU, European Economic Area countries, candidate countries, potential candidates and Energy Community Contracting Partners. Annual time-series run back to 1990.

Energy policies: challenges and strategies

The European Green Deal includes the ambitious climate policy target that Europe should become a climate neutral continent by 2050. This requires a fundamental transformation and decarbonisation of our energy system. The Energy Union is the main energy policy instrument to deliver these transformations. It aims to bring greater energy security, sustainability and competitiveness. This can be achieved by:

  • diversifying Europe's energy sources;
  • securing Europe's energy supply;
  • enhancing solidarity and cooperation among countries;
  • creating a fully-integrated internal energy market;
  • improving energy efficiency;
  • decarbonising our economy.

These challenges imply several energy related targets, in terms of share of energy from renewable sources, primary and final energy consumption, energy dependency or greenhouse gas emissions.

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