Energy statistics - Annual, Monthly & short-term monthly

The main legislation covering data collections of energy quantities is Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on energy statistics.

Since its adoption, this Regulation was amended 4 times:

  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 844/2010 of 20 September 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the establishment of a set of annual nuclear statistics and the adaptation of the methodological references according to NACE Rev. 2
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 147/2013 of 13 February 2013 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of updates for the monthly and annual energy statistics
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 431/2014 of 24 April 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of annual statistics on energy consumption in households
  • Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2010 of 9 November 2017 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy statistics, as regards the updates for the annual and monthly energy statistics

We recommend using the consolidated version of this Regulation.

Prices: electricity and natural gas

Regulation (EU) 2016/1952 is the legal basis for the collection and reporting of natural gas and electricity price statistics for household and non-household customers.

Emergency oil stocks

The legal basis for the data collection of emergency oil stocks is Council Directive 2009/119/EC of 14 September 2009 imposing an obligation on Member States to maintain minimum stocks of crude oil and/or petroleum products.

Energy from renewable sources

The use of renewable energy sources is seen as a key element in energy policy, reducing the dependence on fuel imported from non-EU countries, reducing emissions from fossil fuel sources, and decoupling energy costs from oil prices. The national targets for energy from renewable sources are established in Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. These national targets are consistent with the EU target for the 20 % share of energy from renewable sources in 2020. This Directive also established accounting criteria for the share of energy from renewable sources.

Energy efficiency

The common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency is established in Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC. This Directive addresses the achievement of the 20% target on energy efficiency in 2020. The quantification of the EU-28 energy efficiency target is: the Union's 2020 energy consumption of no more than 1 483 Mtoe primary energy or no more than 1 086 Mtoe of final energy.

Energy policy for future

On 24 October 2014, EU Heads of State and Government have agreed the headline targets and the architecture for the EU framework on climate and energy for 2030 (EUCO 169/14).

On 22 January 2014, the European Commission adopted the Communication Policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030 - energy and climate objectives to be met by 2030 (COM/2014/015 final).

On 15 December 2011, the European Commission adopted the Communication Energy Roadmap 2050 (COM/2011/0885 final), where the Commission explores the challenges posed by delivering the EU's decarbonisation objective while at the same time ensuring security of energy supply and competitiveness. The Energy Roadmap 2050 is the basis for developing a long-term European framework together with all stakeholders.

On 08 March 2011, the European Commission adopted the Communication Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050 (COM/2011/0112 final), where the Commission is looking at cost-efficient ways to make the European economy more climate-friendly and less energy-consuming.