EU trade with Russia has been strongly affected following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, with the EU imposing import and export restrictions on several products. The effects of these measures have been particularly visible in the latest months.

Considering seasonally adjusted values, both exports and imports dropped considerably below the levels prior to Russia's invasion. Russia’s share in extra-EU imports fell from 6.4% to 3.8% between February 2022 and September 2022. Over the same period, extra-EU exports to Russia dropped from 2.3% to 1.1%. The EU’s trade deficit with Russia, peaked in March 2022 at €19.6 billion. It then progressively decreased and in September 2022 stood at €9.7 billion.


Line and bar graph: EU trade in goods with Russia, January 2021 to September 2022, % share in extra-EU trade and trade balance in € billion

Source dataset: ext_st_eu27_2020sitc


When looking at Russia’s share in extra-EU imports for six key products, a strong decline is visible for coal, natural gas, petroleum oil, fertilisers, and iron & steel, while for nickel the share increased slightly. In particular, the highest drops have been recorded for coal (from 45% in 2021 to 13% in the third quarter of 2022), natural gas (from 36 % to 18 %), fertilisers (from 29% to 17%) and iron & steel (from 16% to 5%). 


Russia's share in EU imports for selected products in 2021 and Q3 2022

Source dataset: DS-045409