When moving within the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, you will always be subject to the legislation of only one country. The social security institutions will assess under which country's legislation you are covered according to EU rules.
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As a basic rule, you are subject to the legislation of the country where you actually work as an employed or a self-employed person. It doesn't matter where you live or where your employer is based.
If you work in a different EU country from the one where you live and you return to your country of residence daily, or at least once a week, you are a cross-border worker (so-called "frontier worker"). The country where you work is responsible for your social security benefits. Special rules apply to healthcare and unemployment. Find out more under our frequently asked questions.
If you are sent by your employer (or yourself, if you are self-employed) to work in another country for a maximum of 24 months, you will remain insured in your country of origin. This is the case of so-called "posted workers" to whom specific conditions apply. Find out more under our frequently asked questions.
If you do not work, EU rules still apply to you. Find out more under our frequently asked questions.
Check our frequently asked questions for further information.
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