By sector, women were underrepresented in manufacturing (where only 22% of scientists and engineers were female), while there was more of a gender balance in the services sector (46%).
Among the EU Member States, the proportion of female scientists and engineers varied widely in 2020, ranging from 52% in Lithuania, Portugal and Denmark to 30% in Finland and 31% in Hungary.
Source dataset: hrst_st_nsecsex2
At NUTS1 regional level, female scientists and engineers were in the majority in 11 EU regions:
- four regions of Spain: North-West and Centre both 52%, Canary Islands and North-East both with 51%,
- two regions in Portugal: Madeira (56%) and Continental Portugal (51%),
- North and South-East Bulgaria, Eastern Poland (both 57%), Northern Sweden (56%), as well as Lithuania and Denmark (both 52% and single regions at this level of detail).
At the other end of the scale, the smallest proportion of female scientists and engineers was recorded in the German region of Baden-Württemberg and in the Hungarian region of Transdanubia (both 29%).
Source dataset: hrst_st_rsex
This news item marks the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, celebrated on 11 February.
For more information:
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article on human resources in science and technology
- Eurostat dedicated section on science, technology and innovation
- Eurostat database on science and technology