Back 5.9% of EU citizens lived in dark dwellings in 2020



In 2020, 5.9% of people in the EU reported not having enough daylight in their dwelling, meaning their dwelling seemed too dark and was viewed as a problem for the household.

Access to daylight in dwellings helps improve the health and wellbeing, while it can also help improve energy efficiency by reducing the need for artificial lighting.

Top 3 countries: Share of population considering their dwelling too dark, 2020, %

Source dataset: ilc_mdho04

In 2020, over 10% of people living in Spain considered their dwelling too dark (10.6%), which was the highest share recorded among the EU Member States. Spain was followed by France (9.5%; provisional data), Malta (9.4%) and Hungary (7.7%).


Bar chart: Share of population considering their dwelling too dark, EU, EU Member States and EFTA countries, 2020, %

Source dataset: ilc_mdho04

In contrast, the lowest shares were recorded in Slovakia (2.6%, provisional data), Italy (2.6%, 2019 data), Cyprus (2.8%) and Czechia (3.1%).


For more information: 

  • Ireland, Italy, Poland and Switzerland: 2019 data instead of 2020. As a result, the EU aggregate has been estimated. France, Netherlands and Slovakia: provisional data. Germany: data with low reliability.
  • Eurostat dedicated page to income and living conditions
  • Eurostat database on income and living conditions


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