Teachers in the EU


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In 2018, there were 5.2 million teachers employed in primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education. Women accounted for the majority of this workforce (72%, 3.7 million teachers).

In terms of their age structure, 0.4 million (7% of the total) were under 30 years old, while 2 million (39%) were aged 50 years or above.

Every year on 5 October, World Teachers' Day is celebrated. To mark this day, Eurostat has provided a brief overview of the main demographic characteristics of the EU’s teaching workforce.


EU school teachers

Source dataset: educ_uoe_perp01


More than 85% of teachers are women in Latvia

In all EU Member States, school teachers in 2018 were predominantly female. However, the share of female teachers was the highest in Latvia (87%) and Lithuania (85%), followed by Bulgaria, Estonia and Slovenia (all 83%).

By contrast, the share of male teachers was the highest in Denmark (38%) and Luxembourg (36%), followed by Greece and Spain (both 34%) as well as France (32%).


EU school teachers by sex

Source dataset: educ_uoe_perp01


More than half of teachers aged 50 years or above in Italy and Lithuania

39% teachers in the EU primary and secondary schools were 50 or more years old in 2018. In Italy, more than half (54%) of teachers were in this age group, as well as in Lithuania (52%). A large number of teachers also fell into this age group in Estonia, Greece and Bulgaria (all 49%).

Meanwhile, 1% of teachers in the EU were over 65 years old in 2018. The highest share of teachers in this age group were reported in Estonia (8%), Latvia (5%), Sweden and Denmark (both 4%).


School teachers by age

Source dataset: educ_uoe_perp01



  • Data are taken from the Eurostat administrative statistics data base which provides harmonized information on teachers by education level, covering EU Member States, UK, and EFTA countries.
  • The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.


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