Ukraine was the EU's 23rd largest partner for imports (1% of total extra-EU imports) and the 20th largest for EU exports (1% of total extra-EU exports) in 2018.
Between 2008 and 2018, the EU ran a trade surplus with Ukraine (meaning that it exported more than it imported). This surplus was highest in 2013, when it reached €10 billion, and lowest in 2015, falling to €1 billion. In 2018, the surplus was €4 billion.
EU exports to Ukraine were dominated by "machinery and vehicles", "other manufactured goods", and "chemicals", which together accounted for 78% of EU exports to Ukraine. EU imports from Ukraine were dominated by "other manufactured goods", "raw materials", and "food and drink", accounting for 79% of EU exports to Ukraine. At a more detailed level, "medicaments" were the EU’s most exported product to Ukraine, while the most imported product from Ukraine was "maize".
Italy and Germany: main traders with Ukraine among the Member States
Among the Member States, Italy was the largest importer of goods from Ukraine (€3 billion). The largest exporter to Ukraine in 2018 was Germany (€5 billion).
For further information:
- Statistics Explained article Ukraine-EU international trade in goods statistics
- Overview of statistics on international trade in goods