Back 7 in 10 people in the EU live in a dwelling they own


© Brian A Jackson /

In the European Union (EU), a majority of people were owners of their dwellings, with almost 70% (69.3%) living in owner-occupied dwellings, while 30.7% were renting their dwelling.

In 2016, more than half (57.5%) of the EU population were living in houses and 41.8% in flats.


Proportion of owners highest in Romania, lowest in Germany

Regarding tenure status, there were more owners than tenants in every EU Member State in 2016. The highest share of the population owning their dwelling was registered in Romania (where 96.0% were owners), ahead of Lithuania (90.3%), Croatia (90.1%), Slovakia (89.5%) and Hungary (86.3%). At the opposite end of the scale, just over half of the population owned their dwelling in Germany (51.7%) and Austria (55.0%), followed by Denmark (62.0%), the United Kingdom (63.4%), France (64.9%) and Sweden (65.2%).

Share of population living in owner-occupied dwellings in the EU Member States

The source dataset can be found here.


Highest share of population living in houses in Ireland and the United Kingdom, lowest in Spain and Latvia

In a majority of Member States, most of the population were living in houses in 2016, with the highest proportions being recorded in Ireland (92.5% in 2015) and the United Kingdom (84.8%), followed by Croatia (79.8%), Belgium (77.7%) and the Netherlands (76.2%). In contrast, flats were the main dwelling type in 10 Member States, notably in Spain and Latvia (in both countries, 66.1% of the population were living in flats in 2016), Estonia (62.0%), Lithuania (58.2%), Germany and Greece (both 57.1%).

The source dataset can be found here.