Circular economy – Overview


Illustration of circular economy - © Bup /

What is the circular economy about?

A circular economy aims to maintain the value of products, materials and resources for as long as possible by returning them into the product cycle at the end of their use, while minimising the generation of waste. The fewer products we discard, the less materials we extract, the better for our environment.

This process starts at the very beginning of a product’s lifecycle: smart product design and production processes can help save resources, avoid inefficient waste management and create new business opportunities.

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Monitor the progress of your country

Explore our monitoring framework tool which will help you to easily evaluate your country's progress towards a circular economy by displaying all relevant indicators.

Visualisation tool

Discover the circular economy

Our visualisation tool will help you to learn more about the circular economy in an easily-understandable and fun way.

Material flow diagram

Visualise flows of material resources

Explore the simplified life cycle of materials in the EU from the beginning through to material processing to their different uses and final stages.

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Sustainable development goals

Find more information on sustainable development goals on our website dedicated section.

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Waste statistics

Find all information and easy access to our data on waste, including topics such as generation and treatment of waste.