In October 2022, among the EU Member States for which data are available, Poland granted the highest number of temporary protection statuses to Ukrainians fleeing Ukraine (54 520) as a consequence of Russia’s invasion. Poland was followed by Germany (37 595), Italy (8 620), Romania (8 425) and Bulgaria (7 250).

Compared with September 2022, the number of Ukrainians receiving temporary protection fell in 22 of the 26 EU Member States with available data. The largest decreases were observed in Germany (-14 385 compared with September 2022), followed by Italy (-3 750), Romania (-1 290) and Denmark (-1 020). Meanwhile, the only increases were recorded in Bulgaria (+2 770), Ireland (+1 210), Poland (+975) and Hungary (+20). 

On 31 October 2022, and among the countries for which data are available, Poland reported the highest number of Ukrainian beneficiaries of temporary protection with a total of 1.01 million, followed by Germany (847 105 Ukrainian beneficiaries), Spain (148 630) and Bulgaria (141 480). Compared with September, this month saw a decrease in Ukrainian beneficiaries of temporary protection in Poland due to the deregistration of their temporary protection statuses.

Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection based on the Council Implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, establishing the existence of a mass influx of displaced persons from Ukraine due to Russia’s invasion, and having the effect of introducing temporary protection.
 

GIF of maps: Ukranians granted temporary protection in the EU from March till October 2022, in absolute values and by ratio per 1000 people

Source datasets: migr_asytpfm and demo_gind


Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest ratio of Ukrainian citizens granted temporary protection in October 2022 per thousand inhabitants  was recorded in Estonia (1.7 granted temporary protection per thousand inhabitants), followed by Poland (1.4), Ireland (1.2) and Bulgaria (1.1).

23% of Ukrainians seeking protection in Poland were children

Poland granted the highest number of temporary protections for Ukrainian children (persons under 18 years old) with a total of 12 445 (representing 23% of Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in October 2022), followed by Germany (11 230, 30%), Italy (2 715, 31%) and Romania (2 500, 30%).

Notably, in all countries for which October 2022 data are available, children below the age of 14 represented between 68% to 100% of all children granted temporary protection. 

Predominantly female Ukrainians seek protection in the EU Member States 

In the EU Member States for which data are available, the majority of Ukrainians granted temporary protection were females, including girls.

The largest numbers of females who received temporary protection were reported by Poland (34 190, representing 63% of Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in October), Germany (21 885, 58%), Italy (6 005, 70%) and Romania (4 625, 55%).
The largest numbers of males who received temporary protection were reported by Poland (20 325, 37%), Germany (15 665, 42%) Romania (3 800, 45%) and Bulgaria (2 655, 37%).

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Methodological notes:

  • Czechia: data not available for April-October 2022. Germany: data not available for March-July 2022. This is because the data collection is carried out on a voluntary basis, so the completeness of the data may vary.
  • Temporary protection is a procedure provided only in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons from third countries who are unable to return to their country of origin. These people are granted immediate and temporary protection, in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process the influx without adverse effects for its efficient operation, in the interests of the persons concerned and other persons requesting protection.
  • Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection and not to the registrations for temporary protection, which may precede the process of granting the status. Therefore, the data may not present all persons fleeing Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and who have registered but not yet formally received temporary protection.
     

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