Member of the Article 29 Working Party
The material (opinions, working documents, letters etc.) issued by the Article 29 Working Party (Art. 29 WP), available on this website reflect the views only of the Art. 29 WP which has an advisory status and acts independently. They do not reflect the position of the European Commission.
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom
- European Data Protection Supervisor
Dr. Andrea JELINEK, Director, Österreichische Datenschutzbehörde
President of the "Commission de la protection de la vie privée"
Ventsislav KARADJOV, Commission for Personal Data Protection
Education: Sofia University St. Climent Ohridski, Degree in Law, specialization in law enforcement
Present position: as from 15 April 2014 - Chairman of the Commission for Personal Data Protection
- February 2011 - April 2014 - Advisor to the 41-th and 42-nd National Assembly on matters, related to the supervision of the security services, the use and employment of special investigation means and the access to data under the Law on Electronic Communications
- April 2011 - April 2014 - Member of the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Bulgaria, appointed with decree of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria
- September 2014 - December 2014 - Legal expert to the Ad hoc Committee of Inquiry into the Circumstances around the Facts and the Data, revealed Publicly about Violations, committed in the Commission for Prevention and Ascertainment of Conflict of Interests to the 42-th National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria
- August 2009 - January 2011 - Lawyer on free practice - senior legal advisor to U.S. Agency for International Development and the European Commission funded projects in Tajikistan, Georgia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- April 2009 - July 2009 - Advisor to the Minister of Interior on international affairs and fight against corruption
- July 2007 - March 2009 - Senior legal advisor to the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, Washington, USA, workplace - Armenia- project financed by U.S Agency for International Development for development of functioning democratic institutions and enhancing their capacity to fight against corruption
- February 2007 - June 2007 - Legal advisor by the preparation of Anticorruption strategy in the Republic of Macedonia - financed by the U.S Agency for International Development
- May 2006 - February 2007 - Lawyer on free practice – senior legal advisor to EU projects in Bulgaria and Romania - provided technical support for the Bulgarian Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works; delivered technical support for enhancing the capacity of NGO’s in Romania and Bulgaria to manage EU funds and projects
- May 2002 - April 2006 - Deputy director and Senor legal expert to the U.S Agency for International Development funded project for fight with corruption and establishment of anticorruption entities in the executive and legislative authorities. Enhancing the capacity of the Bulgarian National Audit Office as independent regulator. Creation of electronic registry on public procurements
- May 2000 - April 2002 - Legal advisor, Program director – Transparency International - Bulgaria, chapter of Transparency International
Igor NEMEC, President of the Office for Personal Data Protection
- 2002 - 2005: Prague City Assembly, Member of Prague City Council; Prague City Councillor for Culture, Church and Religious Societies and Tourism (Civic Democratic Party)
- 2002: Mayor of the City of Prague (Civic Democratic Party)
- 1998 - 2002: Prague City Assembly, Member of Prague City Council; Prague City Councillor for Culture, Sport and Physical Training, Church and Religious Societies, Fairs, Congress Tourism and Tourism (Civic Democratic Party)
- 1997 - 1998: Parliament of the Czech Republic, Deputy - member of Committee for Foreign Affairs (Civic Democratic Party)
- 1996 - 1997: Office for State Information System, Prague, Chairman
- 1993 - 1996: Office of the Government of the Czech Republic, Prague; Minister - Head of Office of the Government (Civic Democratic Party); Chairman of Research and Development Council: preparation of a conception of the governmental support of science and research; Executive Deputy Chairman of Government Board for People with Disabilities; Chairman of Inter-ministerial Anti-Drug Commission; Chairman of Council for Nationalities
- 1991 - 1993: Ministry of State Control, Prague; Minister of State Control (Civic Democratic Party); Since 1991, minister in the Czech government of the prime minister Petr Pithart (for Civic Democratic Party)
- 1992 - 1993: Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Federative Republic, Prague, Deputy (Civic Democratic Party)
- 1990 - 1992: Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Federative Republic, Prague; Deputy, elected for Civic Forum in the Chamber of Nations of the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialistic Republic; Secretary of Budget Committee
- 1987 - 1990: META Prague, mathematician - analyst
- 1984 - 1987: Faculty of General Medicine of the Charles University, Prague, mathematician - analyst, Chair of Nuclear Medicine
1978 - 1983: Charles University, Prague, Graduated from Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, specialization in numeric mathematics, Degree "RNDr."
Anto RAJKOVAČA, Director of the Croatian Data Protection Agency
Born 30 July 1965, married, three children.
Specialist in Criminal Investigation, graduated from the Police College in Zagreb (2000).
From 1988 to 2010 employed in the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia as a police officer. He began his professional career as a regular member of the Criminal Police in the Police Station of Split and become Head of the Department for Combating Organized Crime in the General Police Directorate with headquarters in the Ministry of the Interior in Zagreb.
During his professional police career he continually works on his education and personal development, attending many educational programs, actively participating in the work of many professional assemblies and conferences, both in Croatia and abroad, on topics related to organized crime, drug crime and international terrorism.
In 2011 after long police career he continues his professional path in the field of business intelligence and corporative security including the strategic projects related to personal/private protection.
He is a member of the Croatian Association of Security Managers.
He speaks German, English and Russian language.
Janni CHRISTOFFERSEN, Director, Danish Data Protection Agency (Datatilsynet)
Janni Christoffersen (born 1962) graduated from the University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Law in 1987. She then worked as Head of Section at the Family LawDirectorate from 1987 to 1990 and as Head of Section in several divisions in the Danish Ministry of Justice from 1990-1998.
In 1998 Janni Christoffersen was appointed Head of Department of the Personnel Division of the Danish Ministry of Justice, a position she held until appointed Director of the Danish Data Protection Agency (Datatilsynet) in 2002.
Janni Christoffersen has been a member of the Danish Refugee Board from 1991 to 1993, Alternate in the Employment Appeals Board from 1994 to 1996 and Auditing representative for the Ministry of Justice in regard to the Police Districts and the Prosecutorial Authorities from 2000 to 2002.
Since 2002 Janni Christoffersen has been a member of the Board of the Union of Public-Sector Leaders in the Association of Danish Lawyers and Economist.
Viljar PEEP, Director General, Estonian Data Protection Inspectorate (Andmekaitse Inspektsioon)
The Inspectorate is the national authority for privacy protection and freedom of information. Its Director General is nominated for 5-years-period by the Government after hearing the opinion of the Constitutional Committee of the Parliament. The candidate is selected for the nomination in open competition.
Professional record: Mr Peep was nominated to the post of Director General in 2008 and again in 2013.
Previously he led a division at Estonian Ministry of Justice, responsible for courts' management, for commercial and real estate registration, for state-funded legal aid, for civil enforcement and insolvency administration system and for notaries' service.
Also, he has been active in legislative drafting. He had led the projects of 2-hours online registration for companies and cross-border usage of electronic signatures.
Education and Training: Mr Peep has a PhD in history of law (Tartu University). He has taught history of economy at Tallinn University of Technology.
Angelika VOSSHOFF, Federal Commissioner for Freedom of Information
Before taking over her position as Federal Commissioner for Freedom of Information, the 55 -year-old lawyer Andrea Voßhoff was a member of the German Bundestag and legal- political spokeswoman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group.
Petros CHRISTOFOROS, President of the Hellenic Data Protection Authority
- Petros Christoforos was born in 1939. He is married with one child.
- President of the Hellenic Data Protection Authority since August 2011.
- Honorary Councillor of State.
- Head of the Law Office within the General Secretariat of the Government (2005 -2009).
- Chairman of the Central Legislative Committee (2004-2005).
- Member of various other legislative committees.
- Head of the Prime Minister’s Law Office (1980-1981).
- Member of the Supreme Special Court (art. 100 of the Constitution).
- Assistant Judge of the Council of State (1969 - 1975), Associate Councillor of State (1975 - 1986), Councillor of State (1986 - 2004).
- Lawyer (1966-1969), Teaching Assistant of Civil Law at the University of Athens (1967-1969).
- He is a graduate in Law and Political Sciences from the University of Athens (1958-1964).
José Luis Rodríguez Álvarez, Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency
He holds a Licenciate degree in Law and he is lecturer of Constitutional Law at the Universidad Complutense of Madrid. He has been coordinator of European Studies at the University Ortega y Gasset, and managing director of Foundation for Democracy and Local Law. In April 2004 he was appointed director of the Office of the Secretary of State for Parliamentary Relations, and later General Director of Legal Coordination of the Ministry of the Presidency. Since February 2009 he was director of the Cabinet of the Minister of Justice.
Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of CNIL
Chair of the Article 29 Working Party
Ms. Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin graduated in France from the HEC School of Business Management (“Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales”), the National Administration School (“Ecole Nationale d’Administration”) and the Multimedia Institute (“Institut Mutltimédia”).
She first held various posts with the French State Council (“Conseil d’Etat”), as an “auditeur” from 1986 to 1989, a “maître des requêtes” (counsel) from 1989 to 2001 and was responsible of the relations with the print and broadcast media from 1988 to 1991. Ms. Falque-Pierrotin also served as Deputy Chair of the French Ministry of Culture and French-Speaking World Matters from 1993 to 1995. She became State Counselor (“Conseiller d’Etat”) in November 2001. After serving as Chair of the Interministerial Commission on Internet Affairs in 1996, she was appointed as an expert adviser for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 1997 and as “rapporteur général” of the report of the French State Council on “Internet and Digital Networks” from 1997 to 1998. From 2001 to December 2010, Ms. Falque-Pierrotin was Chair of the Advisory Board and General Delegate (“délegué générale”) of the French Internet Rights Forum (“Forum des droits sur l’internet”).
Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin has been a member of the French Data Protection Authority (“Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés”) since January 2004. Appointed as Deputy Chair of this authority from February 2009 to September 2011, she became its Chair as of September 21, 2011.
Billy HAWKES, Data Protection Commissioner
Mr. Billy Hawkes was appointed by the Irish Government to be Data Protection Commissioner for a five year period with effect from 6 July 2005.
Prior to his appointment, he served in various Government Departments, most recently the Departments of Finance, Foreign Affairs (foreign service), and Enterprise, Trade and Employment.
Antonello Soro (1948) was appointed for a seven-year term by the Italian Parliament as one of the four Commissioners in the panel of the Italian Data Protection Authority in June 2012. In July 2012 he was appointed President of the Italian DPA by the other Commissioners.
Prior to his appointment, Mr. Soro was Mayor of the city of Nuoro and Member of the Regional Council of Sardinia. From 1996 to 2012 he served as an MP in the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
During his parliamentary term, he was member of several key bodies and committees, including the External Affairs, Social Policies and European Policy Affairs Committees. He worked on important dossiers and contributed to the drafting of many bills including the one on ethics rules for journalistic activities to protect wiretap data and legislation to protect crime victims.
Dr. Attila Péterfalvi, President of the National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information
- Personal data, Place and date of birth Budapest, 29.03. 1957
1971-1975 Veres Pálné High School, Budapest
1976-1981 Budapest, Eötvös Loránd University Faculty of Political Science and Law (Diploma cum laude)
1983 Lawyer's examination
1998 Postgraduate specialization in foreign trade law
2009 PhD graduate at the Zrínyi Miklós National Defence University
1981-1983 Department of Administration, Executive Committee Veszprém City Council
1984-1986 Public Roads Directorate Veszprém City Council
1988 – 2001 Attorney of law, Law Firm of Péterfalvi and Partner (civil cases)
Other positions and appointments
2012- President of the National Authority for Data Protection and Freedom of Information
2008-2011 Head of the Office of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Civil Rights
2001-2007 Parliamentary Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information
1996-2001 Consultant of the Hungarian Parliamentary Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information
1996-2000 Member of the Court of Arbitration for the Hungarian Artisan Chamber
1987-1988 Invited consultant by the Central Statistical Bureau on the draft of the first privacy bill
1991 NATO scholarship for a project „Freedom of Information, Data Protection and Individual Rights”
1986- College Docent (Associate Professor), lecturer Budapest Corvinus University, Faculty of Public Administration
2006- Honorary Professor, Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church in Hungary, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
2009- Guest Professor, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kyiv University of Law
- Publications: Author of 50 publications in Hungarian and English language (books, articles, university notes, articles and lectures on the institute of the ombudman, data protection, freedom of information, human rights and civil law)
- Language skills: State certificate of proficiency in English
Human rights related activity
2001-2007: Member of the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party, Participant of several international human rights (ombudsman) conferences, Initiated and launched several common investigation with the Parliamentary Commissioner for Civil Rights on various human rights-human dignity issues
2007: Acting Commissioner for Civil Rights
2008-2011: Head of the Parliamentary Commissioners’ Office
- Social activity: Member of Széchenyi Lions Club in Budapest, Co-founder of Iustitia Regnorum Fundamentum Prize
Mr. Yiannos Danielides
Mr. Danielides was born in Limassol on 24/09/1948.
He studied Law at the Aristotle University of Salonica and practiced law in his hometown from December 1975 till his appointment in Office.
Since 1986 and for five successive terms, he was elected member of Limassol's Municipal Council and for the last 15 years he was elected as Deputy Mayor.
As of 27/09/2011, he was appointed as Commissioner for Personal Data Protection.
Signe PLUMINA, Director of Data State Inspection
Signe Plumina is graduate of Faculty of Law, University of Latvia. She has been working at the Legal Department of Ministry of Transport. She is director of Data State Inspection since it was established.
While working at the Ministry of Transport, where Signe Plumina was responsible for elaboration of legal acts in the field of informatics, she participated in a work group that developed the Law on Personal Data Protection, as well as the draft plan on State Information System and the provisions of the Cabinet of Ministers No 40, January 30, 2001 on "Obligatory technical and organizational requirements for protection of personal data processing systems". She has also participated at the elaboration of regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers No 106, March 21, 2001 on "Regulations of Information System Security". She has lead a working group that elaborated supplement for Personal Data Protection Law to be able to introduce requirements of European Union completely.
Signe Plumina at the moment is leading a working group under the Ministry of Justice that is elaborating amendments on Administrative Penal Code of Latvia - a new chapter on administrative penal in the field of information technology and Internet, besides that she participates in a working group that elaborates legal acts in accordance with the draft Law for Electronic documents.
Signe Plumina has taken part in different workshops, seminars, expert meetings that have taken place in Latvia in the concerning the issue of personal data protection. She has also participated in different international conferences, seminars, symposiums that are related to personal data protection, freedom of information and information technologies. Her practical experience has been obtained by visiting different data supervision institutions abroad.
Signe Plumina is participating at the Consultative Comity that has been established in accordance with Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (28.01.1981) as well as at the Central and Eastern Europe Data Protection Commissioners meetings. Signe Plumina has been specialized on the issues related to the field of personal data protection, freedom of information issues as well as in the IT rights.
Algirdas KUNčINAS, Director of the State Data Protection Inspectorate
Mr Algirdas Kunčinas was appointed by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania to be Director from 15 May 2006.
- 1965-1970 Vilnius Institute of Civil Engineering (currently - Vilnius Gediminas Technical University), speciality of engineer radio operator
- 1975-1978 post-graduate course under Department of Philosophy of Vilnius University
- 1982 defended philosophy probationer's (currently - Doctor of Humanities) subject of dissertation Knowledge as functional Modelling, associate professor
- 1970-1985 Vilnius Institute of Civil Engineering (currently - Vilnius Gediminas Technical University) Department of Philosophy
- 1985-1990 Ministry of Higher and Special Secondary Education (1988-1990 - Ministry of Population Education)
- 1990-1992 Vilnius Technical University (currently - Vilnius Gediminas Technical University) Department of Philosophy
- 1992-1996 was elected to the Seimas
- 1996-2000 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences
- 2000-2004 was elected to the Seimas
Published over 50 research and popular science articles on science methodology, technical philosophy, development of information society issues in Lithuania, Russia, Germany.
Gérard LOMMEL, President of the “Commission Nationale pour la Protection des Données”.
Vice-Chair of the Article 29 Working Party.
Gérard Lommel represents Luxembourg in the Article 29 Working Party (European Commission) and in the T-PD (Council of Europe).
Mr Lommel (born in 1954) holds a master’s degree in law from the University of Nancy II, Law and Economics Faculty (France)
Former member of Luxembourg’s Judiciary, he served at the Public Prosecutors office, he was appointed in October 2002 at the head of the independent national Data Protection Authority, established by the law of 2nd August 2002 transposing Directive 95/46/EC
Before Mr Lommel worked for more than 18 years as Head of legal, social and institutional affairs of RTL, the Luxembourg based European broadcasting organization
He was an elected member of General assembly at the Chamber of Commerce and participated in many European and national working parties in social and economic matters as well as in the field of media and communications, in particular the “CLEP” (jury of honour in the field of advertising ethics) and the “Commission consultative des Médias” (the Advisory Commission on Media
He was also one of the Employers representatives within the “Commission nationale de Conciliation” (close to the Minister of Labour and Employment
Saviour CACHIA, Information and Data Protection Commissioner
Jacob KOHNSTAMM, Chairman of CBP
Before his appointment to Chairman of the Dutch Data Protection Authority Jacob Kohnstamm had been a member of the Senate of the States General for D66 since 1999. In addition, he was chairman of a large number of organisations and committees including the Regieraad ICT Politie [Board for Information and Communications Technology for the Police].
He was State Secretary for Internal Affairs between 1994 and 1998 and in particular was responsible for developing the Large Cities Policy.
After completing his studies in law at the University of Amsterdam, J. Kohnstamm worked as a lawyer between 1977 and 1981 and between 1982 and 1986.
In 1981 he was elected a member of the House of Representatives of the States General. He was a spokesman for his political party in the areas of defence, the police and justice. From 1982 to 1986 he held the position of party chairman.
Between 1986 and 1994 Kohnstamm was again a member of the House of Representatives. In the first session period he was spokesman for internal affairs, the police and the Middle East. In this period he was also Chairman of the standing parliamentary committee National Ombudsman. In the parliamentary period that followed, namely between 1989 and 1994, he was spokesman in the policy areas of public health, the police and the Middle East and also chairman of the standing parliamentary committee for the police.
- Chairman of the Board of the Garantie Instituut voor de Woningbouw [Guarantee Institute for Housing] (since 2004)
- Chairman of the Board of Commissioners of the Woningbouwcorporatie Het Oosten [Het Oosten Housing Corporation] (since 2000)
- Chairman of the Stichting Stimuleringsfonds Openbare Gezondheidszorg [Foundation and Fund for the Promotion of Public Healthcare] (since 2000)
- Chairman of the Humanistische Omroep [Humanist Broadcasting Corporation] (since 1999) and of the organisation according to Article 39 of the media law, and in this capacity, a member of the Raad van Toezicht van de Publieke Omroep [Supervisory Board of the Public Broadcasting Corporations] (since 2000)
- Chairman of the Nederlandse Vereniging voor Vrijwillig Levenseinde (NVVE) [Dutch Association for Voluntary Euthanasia] (since 2000) and chairman of the Board of the World Federation for the Right to Die Societies (since 2004)
- Member of the Initiatief- en Referendumcommissie Gemeente Amsterdam [Initiative- and Referendum committee of the municipality Amsterdam] (since 2008)
- Chairman of the Board of Stichting Ipermestra [Ipermestra Foundation for Music Projects] (since 2008)
- Chairman of the Board of Commissioners of the Woningbouwcorporatie Stadgenoot [Stadgenoot Housing Corporation] (since 2008)
- Chairman of the Board of the Internationaal Kamermuziekfestival Schiermonnikoog [International Chamber Music Festival Schiermonnikoog] (since 2010)
- Chairman of the Mediafonds [Dutch Cultural Media Fund] (since 2010)
- Member of the Supervisory Council of Stichting Vluchteling [Netherlands Refugee Foundation] (since 2011)
- Chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Conference for Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners (since 2011)
Wojciech Rafał WIEWIÓROWSKI, Inspector General for the Protection of Personal Data (GIODO)
Vice-Chair of the Article 29 Working Party.
Born - 1971. Graduated from the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Gdańsk, and in 2000 he was awarded the academic degree of Doctor in constitutional law. He works as assistant professor and head of Legal IT Department at the University of Gdańsk. He was also a publisher in legal publishing houses and as lecturer at Gdańsk College of Administration.
Since 2006 he has been working for public administration being an adviser in the field of e-government and information society for the Minister of Interior and Administration. In 2008 he took over the post of the Head of the Informatisation Department at the Ministry of Interior and Administration. He also represented Poland in committee on Interoperability Solutions for European Public Administrations (the ISA Committee). Member of the Archives Council and the Polish Association for European Law.
Appointed the Inspector General for the Protection of Personal Data by the Parliament in 2010. He is the author of numerous studies, publications and lectures in the field of personal data protection, law of new technologies, informatisation, processing and security of information, legal information retrieval systems, and application of semantic web and legal ontologies in legal information processing.
Filipa Calvão, President, Comissão Nacional de Protecção de Dados – CNPD (Portuguese Data Protection Authority)
- Born in 1970
- Graduated from the Faculty of Law of Portuguese Catholic University (1993)
- Master degree in Law, in the field of Legal-Political Sciences, from the Faculty of Law of Coimbra University (1997)
- Ph.D. in Law, in the field of Legal-Political Sciences, from the Faculty of Law of Coimbra University (2009)
- Assistant at the Faculty of Law of Portuguese Catholic University (1993-2010)
- Professor at the Faculty of Law of Portuguese Catholic University (since 2010), leading the courses of Administrative Law and Administrative Regulation Law
Ancuţa Gianina OPRE, President of the National Supervisory Authority for Personal Data Processing
Nataša Pirc MUSAR, Information Commissioner of the Republic of Slovenia
Nataša Pirc Musar was born in 1968 in Ljubljana. After graduating from the Faculty of Law in Ljubljana in 1992, she passed the bar examination in 1997. After completing her studies she was employed for six years at the Slovenian national television as a journalist and news presenter of the main news TV Dnevnik. Subsequently, she worked for five years as news presenter on "24 ur", the central information programme of the largest commercial television broadcaster in Slovenia, POP TV.
She gained additional experience in journalism at CNN, and attended the Media Department of the Salford University in Manchester in the UK for two semesters. During her studies she did her professional practice at BBC, Granada TV, Sky News, Reuters TV and Border TV.
She has also contributed newspaper articles and worked on radio. Striving for new knowledge, she moved in 2001 to the financial sector where she joined the largest Slovenian private financial corporation Aktiva Group as a Head of Corporate Communications. In April 2003 she became Director of Training and Communications Centre at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia. On July 15th, 2004, she was elected in the National Assembly to become the second slovenian commissioner for access to public information. She was nominated by the President of the Republic of Slovenia. From December 31, 2005 onwards, when Office of the Commissioner for Access to Public Information merged with the Inspectorate for Personal Data Protection, Nataša Pirc Musar performs her function as an Information Commissioner.
Upon the proposal of the President of the Republic, on May 21 2009 the National Assembly elected Mrs. Pirc Musar to an additional five-year term as Information Commissioner. She began her new term of office on July 16 2009.
In October 2009, Nataša Pirc Musar was elected Vice President of the Europol Joint Supervisory Body.
Nataša Pirc Musar is fluent in Croatian/Serbian and English.
Eleonóra KROČIANOVÁ, President of the Office for Personal Data Protection of the Slovak Republic
- 1973 - 1978: Comenius University, Bratislava, Graduated from Law
- 1980: Faculty of Law, Comenius University, Bratislava, degree "JUDr."
- 1984 - 1985: School of Corps of National Security, Officer´s course
- 1978 – 1991: Public Security (Police) of the Corps of National Security
- 1991 – 2003: District Office of Investigation of the Police Corps of the Slovak Republic
- 2003: District Office of Judicial Police
- 2004 – 2006: The Office of Judicial and Criminal Police
- 2006: Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic, The Office of Inspection Service, Director
- 2008: Appointed by the President of the Slovak Republic to the rank – General
- 2006 – 2010: The Customs Administration of the Slovak Republic, General Director
- Important part in managing the implementation and realization of measures in regard to successful access of the Slovak Republic to Schengen Area in Customs matters
Reijo AARNIO, Ombudsman of the Finnish Data Protection Authority
Reijo Aarnio (born 1955) graduated from the University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law in 1981. He then worked at several expert and managerial tasks in the private sector. He aided the committee drafting the Personal Data Act in an expert capacity.
Reijo Aarnio became Data Protection Ombudsman on 1 November 1997, taking over from Jorma Kuopus, LLD. The Data Protection Ombudsman is appointed for a term of five years.
Mr. Aarnio is a member of the Steering Group of Information Security in State Government, the Telecommunications Advisory Board, and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health working group on labour issues.
Kristina SVAHN STARRSJÖ, Director General of the Data Inspektion Board
Kristina Svahn Starrsjö is Director General of the Data Inspection Board since 1 June 2013. Prior to this appointment, she was head of the Division for Constitutional Law within the Ministry of Justice. Kristina Svahn Starrsjö has also worked at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and been a judge at the Svea Court of Appeal in Stockholm. She has participated in several commissions of inquiry set up by the Government in order to prepare legislative proposals.
Christopher GRAHAM, Information Commissioner
Christopher Graham became UK Information Commissioner in June 2009, with responsibility for overseeing the Freedom of Information Act and Data Protection Act regimes - promoting access to official information and protecting personal information
Christopher was Director General of the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) from April 2000 to June 2009. From 2003-5, he was Chairman of the European Advertising Standards Alliance (EASA), the federation of advertising self-regulatory bodies across the EU Single Market.
Prior to joining the ASA, Christopher was for three years Secretary of the BBC. Christopher first joined the broadcaster as a News Trainee in 1973. He was Deputy Editor of The Money Programme and became Managing Editor of News Programmes for TV and Radio.
European Data Protection Supervisor
Peter Hustinx has served as EDPS since January 2004, contributing to the building of the new supervisory authority and developing its role at Community level. He was reappointed for a second five-year term of office in January 2009.
Prior to his appointment as EDPS, Mr Hustinx worked as the President of the Dutch Data Protection Authority as from 1991. Between 1996 and 2000, he was Chairman of the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party.
His long standing experience in the field also extends to the broader European level; covering work as an expert in the Committee which prepared the Council of Europe Convention on data protection (No. 108). He also has data protection experience from the law enforcement field, having been Chairman of the Appeals Committee of the Joint Supervisory Body of Europol, and Chairman of the Commission for the Control of Interpol's Files.