Methodology - Rural development
Urban-rural typology statistics use the new urban-rural typology. This typology uses a three-step approach to classify the NUTS level 3 regions.
Definition of rural area
The first step is to identify populations in rural areas: 'rural areas' are all areas outside urban clusters. 'Urban clusters' are clusters of contiguous¹ grid cells of 1 km² with a density of at least 300 inhabitants per km² and a minimum population of 5 000.
Classification of the regions
In the second step, NUTS 3 regions are classified as follows, on the basis of the share of their population in rural areas:
- 'Predominantly rural' if the share of the population living in rural areas is higher than 50
- 'Intermediate' if the share of the population living in rural areas is between 20 and 50
- 'Predominantly urban' if the share of the population living in rural areas is below 20
To resolve the distortion created by extremely small NUTS 3 regions, for classification purposes regions smaller than 500 km² are combined with one or more of their neighbours.
Presence of city
In a third step, the size of the urban centres in the region is considered.
A predominantly rural region which contains an urban centre of more than 200 000 inhabitants making up at least 25% of the regional population becomes intermediate.
An intermediate region which contains an urban centre of more than 500 000 inhabitants making up at least 25% of the regional population becomes predominantly urban.
- Overview of the urban/rural type for each NUTS 3 region (based on the 2013 NUTS version and 2010 Geostat population grid).
- Overview of the urban/rural type for each NUTS 3 region (based on the 2010 NUTS version and 2006 Geostat population grid).
- Regional typologies and local information corresponding to NUTS 3.
1Contiguity for urban clusters includes the diagonals (i.e. cells with only the corners touching). Gaps in the urban cluster are not filled (i.e. cells surrounded by urban cells).