European Commission > Maritime Affairs > European Atlas of the Seas

European Atlas of the Seas

Explore, collate and create your own sea map.
Learn more about Europe's seas and coasts, their environment, related human activities and European policies.

Algae production

Macroalgae (seaweeds)

This dataset stems from the BIOMASS project (https://biobs.jrc.ec.europa.eu/page/biomass-assessment-study-jrc). Its aim is to build a reliable database to characterize the algae sector and to support in...

Microalgae

This dataset stems from the BIOMASS project (https://biobs.jrc.ec.europa.eu/page/biomass-assessment-study-jrc). Its aim is to build a reliable database to characterize the algae sector and to support in...

Aquaculture

Aquaculture production (2008-2016)

Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, refers to the farming of aquatic (freshwater or saltwater) organisms, such as fish, molluscs, crustaceans and plants, for...

Finfish production

Finfish is a bony fish, such as a salmon, or a cartilaginous fish, such as a shark, especially in contrast to a shellfish or other aquatic animal. The dataset provides information about the location of ...

Freshwater finfish farms

The dataset provides information about the location of freshwater finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aqu...

Shellfish production

The information on the locations of shellfish farms is provided by Euroshell.

Chemistry

Water body ammonium 2010 in winter

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body ammonium 2010 in spring

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body ammonium 2010 in summer

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body ammonium 2010 in autumn

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body dissolved oxygen concentration 2010 in winter

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body dissolved oxygen concentration 2010 in spring

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body dissolved oxygen concentration 2010 in summer

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body dissolved oxygen concentration 2010 in autumn

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body phosphate 2010 in winter

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body phosphate 2010 in spring

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body phosphate 2010 in summer

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body phosphate 2010 in autumn

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body silicate 2010 in winter

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body silicate 2010 in spring

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body silicate 2010 in summer

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Water body silicate 2010 in autumn

Units: umol/l - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis)

Employment

Gross domestic product

This map shows gross domestic product in comparison with the national average. The national average equals 100. When the indicator's value is below 100, the ...

Employment in the primary sector

This map shows the share of primary sector employment in overall employment in regions, in comparison with the national average. The national average equal...

Employment in the secondary sector

This map shows the share of primary sector employment in overall employment in regions, in comparison with the national average. The national average equal...

Employment in the tertiary sector

This map shows the share of tertiary sector employment in overall employment in regions, in comparison with the national average. The national average equa...

Employment in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors by country

This map shows employment in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors by Member State. (Unit: number of full-time equivalents per million of active persons - The p...

Maritime impact

Population impacted by maritime activities: Share of the population of the EU regions living in maritime service areas. A maritime service area is an area that ca...

Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by coastal/non-coastal regions

Gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices is the final result of the production activity of resident producer units. It is defined as the...

Business demography and high growth enterprise by coastal/non-coastal regions

Business demography provides information for births, deaths and survival rates of enterprises, as well as information on related employment da...

Employment by coastal/non-coastal regions

Statistics for the employment activities sector in the EU, as covered by NACE Rev. 2.

Gross value added at basic prices by coastal/non-coastal regions

Gross value added (GVA) is defined as output (at basic prices) minus intermediate consumption (at purchaser prices); it is the balancing item...

Energy

Average wind speed and direction

This map shows the average wind speed in all directions along the coast.

Wave height and direction

This map shows the significant wave height in all directions along the coast. (Unit: metres - Year: 2005)

Tidal amplitude

This map displays the mean tidal amplitude in metres along the coast. The relevant data are collected by 237 buoys placed at approximately 100 km intervals some 5...

Ocean energy - Project locations

Marine energy or marine power (also sometimes referred to as ocean energy, ocean power, or marine and hydrokinetic energy) refers to the energy carried by ocean waves, tides, salinity, and ocean tempera...

Ocean energy - Test sites

The database contains polygons representing Ocean Energy test sites. Where available, each polygon has the following attributes: test site code, name, location, country, sea basin, distance to coast (me...

Offshore installations

Offshore construction is the installation of structures and facilities in a marine environment, usually for the production and transmission of electricity, oil, gas and other resources. The map is model...

Locations of wind farms (Points)

The point locations and the status of offshore wind farms in European seas are provided with the following attributes: Name, Nº of turbines, Status (Authorised, Operational, Planned, Under Construc...

Locations of wind farms (Polygons)

The database on offshore wind farms in the EU was created in 2014 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datas...

Environment

Large marine ecosystems

www.oceansatlas.org - This map shows large marine ecosystems (LMEs) – regions encompassing ocean and coastal areas, from river basins and estuaries to the seaward boundaries of continental shelves and the outer margins of the major ocean current systems.

Marine protected areas (by country)

This map shows the ratio of marine protected area and terrestrial area for each European country. (Unit: percentage)

Integrated coastal zone management

This map presents the outcomes of the OURCOAST project to support and ensure the exchange of experiences and best practices in coastal planning and management. (Date: 2016)

Natura 2000 sites

Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habit...

Coastline erosion

A coastline is the area where land meets the sea or the ocean. This map represents the coastline migration in Europe regarding the following attributes: erosion (coastline retrogradation), accretion (coast...

Water body chlorophyll-a 2010 in winter

Units: mg/m^3 - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis).

Water body chlorophyll-a 2010 in spring

Units: mg/m^3 - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis).

Water body chlorophyll-a 2010 in summer

Units: mg/m^3 - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis).

Water body chlorophyll-a 2010 in autumn

Units: mg/m^3 - Method: spatial interpolation produced with DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis).

Sea water velocity

The product shows the sea surface current velocity fields near the coast. The Current Field Maps (i.e. sea water velocity (m/s) and direction of sea water velocity (deg...

Coastal migration - Satellite data 2019

The EMODnet Geology shoreline-migration map allows the visualisation of the pan-European coastal behaviour for 2007-2017 at different spatial scales. The map provides a useful insight into one of Europeans most...

Europe

Countries

This map shows the Member States of the European Union, the candidate and potential candidate countries for EU membership.

Undersea relief names

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency - This map shows the names of undersea reliefs.

Coastline

The EEA coastline for analysis is created for highly detailed analysis, e.g. 1:100.000, for geographical Europe. The coastline is a hybrid product obtained from projects using satellite imagery as data source: EUHYDRO and GSHHG. The defining criteria was altitude level = 0 from EUDEM. Outside the coverage of the EUDEM, the coastline from GSHHG was used without modifications. A few manual amendments to the d...

Country borders

This map shows the borders of the European countries. (Year: 2016)

Geographic grid lines

A geographic grid is an imaginary network of lines superimposed on the Earth, serving as a reference system. The grid, or also graticule, is formed by the parallels of latitude and the meridians of longitude for the E...

Sea names

The names of the seas are maintained and provided by SeaDataNet.

Fisheries

Fisheries and aquaculture product consumption

This map shows the annual per capita consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products. (Unit: kg per capita per year )

Community structural aid

The European fisheries fund (EFF) provides funding to the fishing industry and coastal communities to help them adapt to changing conditions in the sector and become economically resilient and ecologicall...

Quotas by country and fishing zone

Total allowable catches (TACs) or fishing opportunities, are catch limits (expressed in tonnes or numbers) that are set for most commercial fish stocks. The Commission prepares the proposals...

Stocks by fishing zone

The chart shows the pro...

Catches by fishing zone

This map shows the total catches by all EU member States in each major fishing zone. (Unit: thousand of tonnes)

Quotas by species

This map shows the fishing quotas by species. Select a species from the drop-down menu to display the quotas allocated to the countries for this species, as fixed by Council Regulations (EU)...

Fishing zones (FAO)

FAO - This map shows the international fishing zones defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. For statistical purposes, 27 major fishing zones have been internationally established to date. These comprise eight major inland fishing zones covering the inland waters of the continents, and nineteen major marine fishing zones covering the waters of the Atlant...

Fishing zones (ICES)

This map shows the international fishing zones defined by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). (Year: 2014)

Catches by country

This map displays the total catches by member State. (Unit: thousand of tonnes)

Fishing ports equipped with Electronic Recording & Reporting System (ERS)

This map shows the ERS fishing ports. The Electronic recording and reporting system (ERS) is used to record, report, process, store and send fisheries data (catch, landing, sales and tr...

Fishing fleet - Number of vessels by ports

The Community Fishing Fleet Register, commonly called 'Fleet Register', is an essential tool to implement and monitor the Common Fisheries Policy. The Fleet Register is a database where all the fishing vess...

Fishing fleet - Engine power by ports

This map shows the total engine power of the fishing fleet by port. (Unit: kW)

Fishing fleet - Tonnage by ports

This map shows the total tonnage of the fishing fleet by port. Click on a port for more general information on it. (Unit: GT)

Fishing Intensity

The data analysed in this study consists of around 150 million positions reports from EU fishing vessels above 15 m of length, operating in FAO areas 27, 34 and 37, in the period between September 2014 and September 2...

Governance

International conventions

This map shows the maritime regions covered by international conventions on protection of the marine environment. (Year: 2010)

European Maritime Day

This map shows the venues for the annual European Maritime Day stakeholder conference since its launch in 2008.

Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions

This map shows the member regions of the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe (CPMR). The CPMR acts towards ensuring the needs and interests of its member regions among the EU institutions and national governmen...

Advisory Councils (Aquaculture)

This shape lists the areas covered by the Regional Advisory Councils (RAC) as polygons as exposed in the Atlas of the Seas. The Black Sea, Aquaculture, Markets and Outermost Regions Advisory Councils ha...

Macro-Regional Strategies and the Atlantic Strategy

This map presents Macro-Regional Strategies and the Maritime Strategy for the Atlantic Ocean Area. A 'Macroregional strategy' is an integrated framework endorse...

European Maritime Day in my country 2019

In parallel to the EMD, a series of local EMD-related events are organised across Europe. This enables the many European regions with a maritime culture to join in the celebrations and hi...

Litter

Dredge spoil dumping (Points)

Unconsolidated, randomly mixed sediments composed of rock, soil, and/or shell materials extracted and deposited during dredging and dumping activities. Dredge spoils lie unconformably upon natural, undi...

Dredge spoil dumping sites (Polygons)

Dredge spoils lie unconformably upon natural, undisturbed soil or regolith and can form anthropogenic landforms (e.g., dredge spoil bank). Shapes about dumping sites show features defined as either poly...

Dumped munitions (Polygons)

Dumped munitions are materials of war: armaments, weapons and ammunition discharged at sea.

Waste discharged in ports

The geodatabase on Main Ports - Waste at ports was created in 2018 by CETMAR using the Ports 2013 data available in Eurostat web page (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main/home). It is the result of th...

Beach Clean Up Events

On the occasion of World Cleanup Day 2018, some 60 EU delegations and representations have teamed up with NGOs, embassies, schools and volunteer networks to or...

Dumped munitions (Points)

Dumped munitions are materials of war: armaments, weapons and ammunition discharged at sea.

Beach Litter - Composition of litter according to material categories

This official monitoring displays marine litter material categories percentage per year per beach during monitoring surveys. The harmonization of all the data has been the most challenging task considering th...

Nature

Rivers and lakes

This map shows the main European rivers and lakes. Drainage networks and associated drainage basins...

River basins

This map shows the various river basins, grouped according to the sea into which they drain flow. (...

Sea level change

This map shows the predicted sea level change in millimetres by year. The relevant data are collected by 237 buoys placed at approximately 100 km intervals some 5...

Land cover

This map shows the land cover in Europe. (Year: 2012)

Tsunamis origin points

A tsunami is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake. Events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides and other ...

Coasts affected by tsunamis

Locations of the main points along the european coasts affected by tsunamis whose origin is unknown, mapped by various national and regional mapping projects and recovered in the literature.
A sea level anomaly (mm/year) reveals the regional extent of anomalous (i.e. deviating from what is normal or expected) water levels in the coastal seas for a certain time period. The sea level anomalies are pr...



Global sea-basins

The names of the sea-basins of the world.

Underwater noise indicator

The European impulsive noise events registry integrates the Impulsive Noise Registries of the European Sea Regional Conventions: OSPAR (North East Atlantic), HELCOM (Baltic Sea), and Barcelona and ACCOBAMS (Med...

Oceanographic instruments

Argo floats

EMODnet Physics DB of the ARGO. Argo is a global array of 3,800 free-drifting profiling floats that measures the temperature and salinity of the upper 2000 m of the ocean. This allows, for the first time, conti...

Drifting buoys

Autonomous measuring systems on buoys allow measurement of standard oceanographic parameters (temperature, salinity, currents) and, in some cases, other parameters, e.g. turbidity, oxygen and chlorophyll fluor...

Ferrybox

FerryBox is an operational method to continuously measure physical, chemical and biological parameters on board of ships-of-opportunity. FerryBox is a through-flow system installed on board of a ship-of-opportu...

Underwater glider

Gliders follow an up-and-down, sawtooth-like profile through the water. Gliders typically make measurements such as temperature, conductivity (to calculate salinity), currents, chlorophyll fluorescence, optica...

High Frequency Radar

High frequency radar is a land station used to measure surface current velocity fields near the coast. The resulting surface plots provide a much higher resolution in space than previous techniques like current...

River gauging stations

A stream gauge, streamgage or gauging station is a location used by hydrologists or environmental scientists to monitor and test terrestrial bodies of water. Hydrometric measurements of water level surface ele...

Mooring platforms

A mooring in oceanography is a collection of devices, connected to a wire and anchored on the sea floor. It is the Eulerian way of measuring ocean currents, since a mooring is stationary at a fixed location. In...

Organisations and councils

Advisory Councils

The Advisory Councils (ACs) are stakeholder-led organisations that provide the Commission and EU countries with recommendations on fisheries management matters. This may include advice...

Fisheries local action groups (FLAGs)

This map shows the different Fisheries Local Action Groups (FLAGs) mobilized by the implementation of Axis 4 of the European Fisheries Fund (EFF) to design and implement integrated local ...

Producers' organisations

Recognised producers' organisations in the fishery and aquaculture sector. (Year: 2013)

Regional fisheries management organizations (highly-migratory species)

This map shows Regional fisheries management organisations (RFMO) which manage highly-migratory species, mainly tuna. RFMOs are international organisations formed by countries with fishing in...

Regional fisheries management organizations (non highly-migratory species)

This map shows Regional fisheries management organisations (RFMO) which manage fish stocks by geographical area. RFMOs are international organisations formed by countries with fishing interes...

Population

Population

The European Settlement Map represents percentage of built-up area coverage per spatial unit. (Unit: % - Year 2014) It is a spatial raster dataset that is mapping human se...

Urban-rural typology

This map shows urban-rural typology for European regions. Predominantly urban region: the rural population accounts for less than 20% of the total population; Intermediate region: the rural population account...

Population density

This map shows population density in comparison with the national average. The national average equals 100. When the indicator's value is below 100, the value in the region is below the national average. When...

Population change

The regional demographic statistics provides annual data on population, vital events (live births and deaths), total and land areas of the regions and demog...

Population aged 65 years and more

This map shows the share of the population aged 65 and over in comparison with the national average. The national average equals 100. When the indicator'...

Active population

This map shows the share of active population by region, in comparison with the national average. The national average equals 100. When the indicator's v...

Unemployment

This map shows unemployment levels in regions in comparison with the national average. The national average equals 100. When the indicator's value is below ...

Population density by coastal/non-coastal regions

Population density is the ratio of the (annual average) population of a region to the (land) area of the region; total area (including inland waters) is used when land area is not available.

Demographic balance and crude rates by coastal/non-coastal regions

This includes the latest updates (or revised data) on total population, births and deaths reported by the countries, while the detailed breakdowns by various characteristics included in the rest of the tables of...

Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it support...

Fertility and mortality - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it suppo...

Population structure - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it suppo...

Education - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it support...

Living conditions - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it suppo...

Culture and tourism - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it support...

Labour market - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it suppor...

Population by citizenship and country of birth - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribute towards the improvement of the quality of urban life: it suppor...

Satellite images

Chlorophyll concentration

Algal biomass (chlorophyll concentration, Chla in mg.m-3): Chlorophyll is a photosynthetic pigment commonly present in all phytoplankton species. It is used as a proxy for phytoplankton biomass. Chlorophyll concentration...

Chlorophyll concentration anomalies

Algal biomass (chlorophyll concentration, Chla in mg.m-3): Chlorophyll is a photosynthetic pigment commonly present in all phytoplankton species. It is used as a proxy for phytoplankton biomass. Chlorophyll concentration is a standard product...

Sea surface temperature

Sea surface temperature (SST in degree-C): Sea surface temperature is the temperature of the water close to the sea surface. SST is a standard product from satellite-based thermal infra-red sensors, and optical sensors complemented with infra...

Sea surface temperature anomalies

Sea surface temperature (SST in degree-C): Sea surface temperature is the temperature of the water close to the sea surface. SST is a standard product from satellite-based thermal infra-red sensors, and optical sensors complemented with infra...

Water Transparency

Water Transparency (Diffuse attenuation coefficient at 490nm, Kd490 in m-1): The diffuse attenuation coefficient Kd490 measures the light penetration in the water column at the blue-green wavelengths (ca. 490 nm). It rep...

Sea bottom

Coastal geology

This map shows the geological patterns of the European coastline. The data consist in a segmentation of the EUROSION shoreline. Both...

Seabed sediments

This map shows the location of seabed sediment samples. (Year: 1984-1989)

Deep-sea mineral resources

This map shows the location of deep-sea mineral samples. (Year: 1984-1989)

Underwater depth contours

Contour lines or isobaths (i.e. imaginary lines on a map connecting all points having the same depth below the water surface) are based on the average underwater depth, which is the underwater equivalent to ...

Mean underwater depth

The average underwater depth (meter), shown here with a resolution of 1/8 arc minute (~ 250 meter), was based on individual bathymetric surveys and composite Digital Terrain Data/Models (cDTM).

Bathymetry and topography

Shown is the average underwater depth (meter) with a resolution of 1/16 - arc minute (~ 115 meter), as well as the topography of the land or terrestrial areas (meter). The former is based on individual bathy...

Active offshore hydrocarbon licences

Hydrocarbons are a primary energy source for current civilizations. The predominant use of hydrocarbons is as a combustible fuel source. Active hydrocarbon licenses are given licenses (geographical area...

Marine sediment extraction

Marine sediment or aggregate extraction sites are areas where marine rocks, mineral particles or crystals where taken from the seafloor. In mineralogy and petrology, an aggregate is a mass of mineral cr...

Dredging areas

Dredging is an excavation activity usually carried out underwater, in shallow seas or freshwater areas with the purpose of gathering up bottom sediments and widening.

Offshore hydrocarbon extraction boreholes

The database on offshore hydrocarbon extraction boreholes in the EU contains points representing offshore hydrocarbon boreholes with various status (active, abandoned, suspended, other).

Telecommunication cables - SIGCables routes

This maps displays actual locations, routes and names of the SIGCables Submarine telecommunication Cables.

Submarine landslides

A landslide includes a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep failure of slopes, and shallow debris flows. Landslides can also occur underwater, which are called submarine landslides. This map ...

Submarine fluid emissions

Submarine mud-volcanoes and fluid emissions of non-volcanic origin, mapped by various national and regional mapping projects and recovered in the literature.

Tectonic lines

Tectonics is the process that controls the structure and properties of the Earth’s crustand its evolution through time. For example, it explains the features and themovement of the Earth’s surface i...

Submarine volcanoes

Submarine volcanoes are underwater vents or fissures in the Earth's surface from which magma can erupt. A large number of submarine volcanoes are located near areas of tectonic plate movement. Although most sub...

Hydrocarbon reservoir

Hydrocarbons are organic compounds, formed over millions of years occurring mainly in sedimentary basins. The most common types of hydrocarbons are petroleum, natural gas, coal and bitumen.Hydrocarbons are a pr...

Seabed substrates

The seabed substrate map of the European marine areas at 1: 250 000 scale includes five seabed substrate classes: Four substrate classes are defined on the basis of the modified Folk triangle (mud to sandy mud;...

Sea-floor lithology

The lithology of a rock unit is a description of its physical characteristics visible at outcrop, in hand or core samples or with low magnification microscopy, such as colour, texture, grain size, or compositio...

Sea-floor stratigraphy

Stratigraphy is a branch of geology concerned with the study of rock layers (strata) and layering (stratification). It is primarily used in the study of sedimentary and layered volcanic rocks.

Sea-floor event process

Compilation of the sea-floor geology (bedrock) of the European Seas, semantically harmonized using the INSPIRE data specifications for lithology, age, event environment, event process.

Seabed sediment accumulation rates

Sedimentation is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained and come to rest against a barrier. This is due to their motion through the fluid in respons...

Submerged landscapes

The submerged landscapes map represents the geological known hidden landscapes in Europe. It is a completely new data product created in phase III of EMODnet Geology and released in April 2019.

Sea life

Zooplankton (Acartia) abundance in Winter

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Acartia a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustacean distantl...

Zooplankton (Acartia) abundances in Spring

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Acartia a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustacean distantl...

Zooplankton (Acartia) abundances in Summer

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Acartia a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustacean distantl...

Zooplankton (Acartia) abundances in Autumn

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Acartia a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR).A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustacean distantly...

Zooplankton (Calanus finmarchicus) abundance in Winter

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Calanus finmarchicus a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crusta...

Zooplankton (Calanus finmarchicus) abundance in Spring

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Calanus finmarchicus a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crusta...

Zooplankton (Calanus finmarchicus) abundance in summer

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Calanus finmarchicus a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crusta...

Zooplankton (Calanus finmarchicus) abundance in autumn

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Calanus finmarchicus a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crusta...

Zooplankton (Temora longicornis) abundance in Winter

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Temora longicornis a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustace...

Zooplankton (Temora longicornis) abundance in spring

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Temora longicornis a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustace...

Zooplankton (Temora longicornis) abundance in summer

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Temora longicornis a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustace...

Zooplankton (Temora longicornis) abundance in autumn

This dataproduct consists of a gridded abundance map of Temora longicornis a species of copepod collected with the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR). A 'copepod' is a type of zooplankton, a planktonic crustace...

Number of species and observations per sea region

Number of species and observations per sea region based on EurOBIS. (Year: 2011)

Seabed habitats

Coralligenous Habitats

This dataset shows modelled spatial distributions of coralligenous outcrops and mäerl beds across the Mediterranean Sea. These bioconstructions are typical Mediterranean underwater seascapes, compr...

Maerl Habitats

This dataset shows modelled spatial distributions of mäerl beds across the Mediterranean Sea. These bioconstructions are typical Mediterranean underwater seascapes, comprising coralline algal frame...

Posidonia oceanica distribution (seagrass species)

Posidonia oceanica (commonly known as Neptune grass or Mediterranean tapeweed) is a seagrass species that is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It forms large underwater meadows that are an important par...

Habitat classification by EUNIS 2007-11

This layer is a predictive EUNIS seabed habitat map for European Seas (Year: 2016). The map follows the EUNIS 2007-11 classification system where applicable, and is displayed using the most detailed cla...

Simplified predictive habitat map

This layer is a predictive EUNIS seabed habitat map for European Seas (Year: 2016). The map follows the EUNIS 2007-11 classification system where applicable, and is displayed using the most detailed cla...

Predictive habitat map (MSFD)

This layer is a predictive seabed habitat map for European Seas (Year: 2016). The layer has been created using classified habitat descriptors to determine the final habitat. The map follows the MSFD Pre...

Habitat Descriptors - Biological zones

This layer shows the calculated biological zones used in the EUSeaMap model to drive the final habitat output. Biological zones are calculated using a variety of physical variables and proxies.

Security

Accident density

This map gives an overview of accident density in the seas around the European Union. Factors such as the weather, the nature of the coastline and traffic density have a significant effect on the number and types o...

Major oil spill incidents

This map shows the location of the major oil spill incidents. (Unit: tonnes - Year: 2007-2008)

Oil spill response vessels

This map shows the location of marine pollution response craft and equipment. The map only shows vessels chartered by EMSA (i.e. European vessels). (Year: 2013)

Integrated maritime surveillance projects

This map shows the location of Integrated Maritime Surveillance (IMS) projects in Europe. Integrated Maritime Surveillance is about providing authorities interested or ...

Lighthouses

A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterway...

Spatial planning

Limits of oceans and seas

iho.int - This map displays the names and boundaries of the world's major oceans and seas, as defined by the International Hydrographic Organisation. (Year: 1953 - Limits of Oceans & Seas, Special Publication No. 23)

Coastal and maritime atlases

This map shows the regions for which digital coastal atlases are available on the Internet. (Year: 2014)

Maritime spatial planning projects

This map shows the location of Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) projects in Europe. Maritime Spatial Planning is about planning when and where human activities take place at...

Marine Regions of Europe

This map presents the boundaries of the marine regions and subregions of Europe as listed in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (Article 4). (Update: December, 2016)

Tourism

Public aquariums

International Aquarium Forum - This map shows the public aquariums listed by the International Aquarium Forum (IAF) for Europe.(Year: 2012)

Maritime museums

European Maritime Heritage - This map shows the main European maritime museums including the ones listed by European Maritime Heritage (EMH). (Year: 2009)

Number of beds per square kilometre

The number of bed places in an establishment or dwelling is determined by the number of persons who can stay overnight in the beds set up in the establishm...

UNESCO world heritage

UNESCO - This map shows the location of UNESCO World Heritage properties. The World Heritage List includes properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.(Year: 2017)

State of bathing waters

The geodatabase on status of coastal and transitional bathing water categories in the EU is based on the dataset 'Bathing Water Directive - Status of bathing water' provided by The European Topic Centre...

Trade

Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products (volume)

EUMOFA - This map shows the total volume (intra-EU and extra-EU) of imports and exports of fisheries and aquaculture products. (Unit: Thousand of tonnes - Year: 2013)

Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products (value)

EUMOFA - This map shows the total value (intra-EU and extra-EU) of imports and exports of fisheries and aquaculture products.(Unit: Million euro - Year: 2013)

Fisheries products processing sector

EUMOFA - This map shows the production value of the fisheries product processing sector. (Unit: Million euro - Year: 2009)

Transport

Electricity trans-european networks

This map shows the Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-Es) for electricity. TEN-Es are integral to the European Union's overall energy policy objectives, increasing competitiveness in the electricity and gas markets, reinforcing security of supply, and protecting the environment (Year: 2009)

Ports

This map shows the European ports listed in the United Nations Code list for Trade and Transport Locations.

Ferry routes

eurogeographics.org - This map shows all important regular international ferry routes and all national ferry routes having major importance in connecting the national road or railway network. (Year: May 2012)

Motorways of the sea

This map show the European motorways of the sea. Motorways of the Sea aims to promote green, viable, attractive and efficient sea-based transport links integrated in the entire trans...

Traffic of passengers by port

This map shows the traffic of passengers by port. (Unit: 1000 passengers)

Traffic of goods by port

This map shows the total gross weight* of goods transported into and out of each port. (Unit: millions of tonnes - *The gross weight of goods, also covers packaging and the vehicle in which the goods are carr...

Marine traffic density map 2015

MarineTraffic.com - The accumulated data collected on ship positions enables the creation of Density Maps so that anyone can get a picture of the most traveled sea routes around the globe. (Year: 2007-2016)

Telecommunication cables - BSH Contis

A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the seabed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea. The underlying data are collated from a v...

Telecommunication cables (schematic routes)

A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the seabed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea. The dataset includes any cable that cross...

Telecommunication cables - Kis Orca subsea cables

A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the seabed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea.

Pipelines and cables - Landing stations

The database contains lines and points representing cables and related landing points. Cables are represented as stylised paths, as actual cable routes locations are not available in most cases.

Cables - Malta

The dataset presents the location of submarine cables that originate from or pass through Maltese Waters.

Offshore pipelines routes

An offshore pipeline (also known as marine, subsea or submarine pipeline) is a pipeline that is laid on the seabed or below it inside a trench. In some cases, the pipeline is mostly on-land but in place...

Main ports (Goods traffic)

Locations of EU main ports experiencing marine vessel traffic. Goods traffic data are reported in thousand tonnes by type of cargo and direction.

Main ports (Locations)

This map comprises the locations of EU main ports. It results of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided to EUROSTAT by ports in EU Member States and Norway.

Main ports (Passengers traffic)

Passengers traffic data are reported in thousand passengers (excluding cruise passengers) by direction and traffic type.

Main ports (Vessels traffic)

Locations of EU main ports experiencing marine vessel traffic.

Transport - cities and greater cities

The indicator is derived from the variables collected by the European Statistical System. And data on European cities were collected to contribu...

Vessel density 2017 (all)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (other)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (fishing)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (service)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Dredging or underwater ops)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Sailing)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Pleasure Craft)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (High speed craft)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Tug and towing)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Passenger)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Cargo)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Tanker)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Military and Law Enforcement)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

Vessel density 2017 (Unknown)

EMODnet Vessel Density Map were created by Cogea in 2019 in the framework of EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission. The maps are based on AIS data purchased by CLS and show...

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