A 'Macroregional strategy' is an integrated framework endorsed by the European Council, which may be supported by the European Structural and Investment Funds among others, to address common challenges faced by a defined geographical area relating to Member States and third countries located in the same geographical area which thereby benefit from strengthened cooperation contributing to achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion.
The EU has put in place 3 strategies, covering several policies, which are targeted at a 'macro-region'.
- The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
- The EU Strategy for the Danube Region
- The EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region
The European Council of 19-20 December 2013 invited the Commission, in co-operation with the Member States, to elaborate an EU Strategy for the Alpine Region. The Commission adopted a Communication and an Action Plan on the EU Strategy for the Alpine Region on 28 July 2015.
The Council of the European Union (conclusions of the General Affairs Council, 22 October 2013) invited the Commission to facilitate discussions on improving the governance of macro-regional strategies. The Commission Governance Report was published on 21th of May 2014 for 3 existing strategies (EU Strategy for the Danube Region, EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region) and the future strategy (EU Strategy for the Alpine Region).
Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions concerning the governance of macro-regional strategies - 20.05.2014 - COM(2014) 284 final
Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - concerning the added value of macro-regional strategies - 27.06.2013 - COM(2013) 468 final