Tourism statistics - summer season occupancy
Data extracted in March 2019.
Planned article update: March 2020.
Percentage change in number of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, June-September 2018 compared with the same period in 2017
This article analyses the tourism trends of the 2018 summer season (June to September) in the European Union (EU) Member States, candidate and EFTA countries. Tourism recorded positive growth rates in most countries, compared with the same period in 2017. This trend is confirmed both by the number of nights spent at hotels and similar accommodation establishments, and by their net occupancy rates.
Summer season tourism trends in 2018
Comparing the monthly figures for the 2018 summer season with the previous year, 7.5 million more nights (+0.8 %) were spent in hotels and similar accommodation in the European Union. Positive growth rates were recorded in 19 out of 27 Member States where data is available. The highest increase was observed in Latvia (+8.1 %) followed by Lithuania (+7.6 %), while Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Spain, Austria, Finland and Croatia reported decreases (see Figure 1).
Two out of three nights in hotels and similar accommodation in the EU-28 were spent in five countries: Spain (17.5 %), Italy (16.4 %), Germany (12.7 %), France (9.8 %) and the United Kingdom (9.6 %).
The most popular destinations for non-residents were Spain, Italy and Greece, together accounting for nearly half of all nights spent by non-residents in the EU-28 in summer 2018(see Table 1).
Nights spent by residents and non-residents
In the European Union, the number of nights spent by non-residents at hotels and similar accommodation increased by 0.2 % in summer 2018 compared with the same period of 2017. Positive growths were observed in most Member States where data is available, while Lithuania, Latvia and the Netherlands reported increases above 7 %. However drops were recorded in 11 Member States (see Table 1).
The share of non-residents was more than 90 % in Malta (96.7 %), Cyprus (94.9 %), Croatia (93.4 %) and Luxembourg (90.4 %), while it was particularly low in Romania (17.2 %) and in Germany (24.4 %).
In terms of nights spent by residents staying at hotels and similar accommodation, domestic tourism increased during the 2018 summer season in all Member States where data is available with the exception of Greece (-6.8 %), Luxembourg (-3.4 %), the United Kingdom (-1.7 %) and France (-0.7 %).
Net occupancy rates of bed places
Compared with the same period of the previous year, net occupancy rates of bed places in the European Union increased by 0.8 percentage points during the 2018 summer season. These rates ranged from 31.4 % in Luxembourg (August), to 97.3 % in Croatia (August) (see Table 2).
August was the month with the highest occupancy rates for most Member States. In Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Cyprus, Finland and Sweden the peak month was July, while in Luxembourg it was September. With more than nine out of ten available bed places having been in use, Croatia and Cyprus were the EU countries with the highest net occupancy rates during their peak summer month (see Figure 2).
Figure 3 shows the occupancy rates in the 2018 summer season compared with the estimated occupancy rates in the entire year 2018. The differences between these two figures for each country can be less significant than one would expect on the basis of the seasonality of nights spent (see article Seasonality in the tourist accommodation sector). This can be partly explained by the fact that the net occupancy only takes into account available bed places, in other words some rooms that may be closed during the lower season do not affect the occupancy rate downwards.
Source data for tables and graphs
The EU is a major tourist destination, with five Member States among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO data. Tourism is an important activity in the EU which has the potential to contribute towards employment and economic growth, as well as to development in rural, peripheral or less-developed areas. These characteristics drive the demand for reliable and harmonised statistics within this field, as well as within the wider context of regional policy and sustainable development policy areas.
- Occupancy of tourist accommodation establishments (ESMS metadata file — tour_occ_esms)
- Tourism statistics in the European Statistical System - 2008 data
With 2012 as reference year
- Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC.
- Regulation (EU) No 1051/2011 of 20 October 2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data.
Previous legal acts (concerning reference periods before 2012)
- Commission Decision 1999/35/CE of 9 December 1998 on the procedures for implementing Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Commission Decision 2004/883/CE of 10 December 2004 adjusting the Annex to Council Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism as regards country lists.
- Directive 95/57/EC of 23 November 1995 on the collection of statistical information in the field of tourism.
- Directive 2006/110/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directives 95/57/EC and 2001/109/EC in the field of statistics, by reason of the accession of Bulgaria and Romania.