Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Monitoring and benchmarking frameworks

Several monitoring and benchmarking frameworks for use in analytical assessments have been developed jointly by the SPC and the Commission, and, for some, also with the Employment Committee. Further details on the frameworks and links to the related documentation and results are available below.

Monitoring frameworks

Social Protection Performance Monitor (SPPM)

  • The SPC developed in 2012 a monitoring tool, which identifies annual key social trends to watch across the EU and key social challenges and good social outcomes within individual Member States.
  • About the Social Protection Performance Monitor (for the latest version of the methodological description and indicator lists see the sections "SPPM dashboard methodology" and "SPPM methodology used for the identification of Member States' key social challenges and good social outcomes" of the latest SPC Annual Report)
  • SPPM dashboard results (see main body of latest SPC Annual Report)
  • Assessment of Key Social Challenges and Good Social Outcomes (see SPPM Country profiles annex (Annex 1) of latest SPC Annual Report)

Joint Assessment Framework (JAF)

  • Developed jointly by the European Commission, SPC and the Employment Committee (EMCO), the JAF is an analytical tool to underpin evidence-based policy making based on a three-step approach:
    1. quantitative assessment based on indicators
    2. qualitative assessment that qualifies and complements the findings from step 1
    3. prioritising challenges and identifying key challenges
  • It is used as an analytical tool in the dialogue between the Commission and the Member States to support the identification of key employment and social challenges and help Member States establish their priorities.
  • Its added-value is its EU cross-country comparative dimension, which can, for instance, help MS evaluate the relative magnitude of their challenges.
  • The JAF results should also be seen as a tool to promote multilateral surveillance and support an overall assessment of the situation at EU level.
  • Check the results from the latest update of the Joint Assessment Framework dataset (i.e. assessment charts and indicators corresponding to the quantitative step 1 of the JAF).

Background documentation

Joint Assessment Framework for Health

  • The SPC has developed a module focused on the health policy area within the Joint Assessment Framework (JAF) in order to strengthen the assessment of health systems in the EU.
  • The objective of the framework is to strengthen the use of the evidence-base by the Social Protection Committee (SPC) in its activities related to health policy in the context of the Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC).
  • The latest published update of the results of the Joint Assessment Framework (JAF) for Health were included in the 2018 Annual Report of the Social Protection Committee (see Annex 3. JAF Health Country Analyses).

Background documentation

Monitoring framework to assess access to social protection for workers and the self-employed

  • The Council Recommendation on access to social protection for workers and the self-employed adopted in November 2019  provided that: by 15 November 2020, the Commission should, jointly with the Social Protection Committee, establish a monitoring framework and develop agreed common quantitative and qualitative indicators to assess the implementation of this Recommendation, enabling its review.
  • The Commission and the ISG worked throughout 2020 to develop this monitoring framework. A first version (‘version 0’) was endorsed by the Social Protection Committee at the end of October 2020.

Work-life balance indicator framework

  • In the autumn of 2020, an indicator framework and a related guidance manual were developed to support the collection of comparative data on the take up of care related leaves: paternity, parental and carers’, as well as flexible working arrangements.
  • The framework aims to support the proper monitoring and assessment of the Directive of 20 June 2019 on work-life balance for parents and carers, in particular with regard to gender equality.

Background documentation

LTC monitoring framework

(under development)

Benchmarking frameworks

The Communication of 26 April 2017 establishing the European Pillar of Social Rights identified benchmarking as a key tool to support structural reforms and foster upward convergence in the employment and social fields within the European Semester. Since then, benchmarking frameworks have been developed and discussed with Member States in several areas.

In particular, the Employment Committee (EMCO) and the Social Protection Committee (SPC) have agreed on a common approach in three steps:

  1. identification of key challenges and a set of high level outcome indicators relevant for the policy area under consideration;
  2.  identification of policy related performance indicators which allow for benchmarking performance;
  3.  the identification of policy levers, which are accompanied by general principles for policy guidance and, when available, by specific indicators.

Benchmarking frameworks have been developed, or are under development, in the following areas:

Minimum income benchmarking

  • A benchmarking framework on minimum income benefits for the working age population has been established and three key policy levers were identified that are most likely to affect their performance: (1) adequacy of benefits, (2) eligibility rules and take-up of benefits, and (3) activation and access to services.   

Background documentation (2021 update)

Pensions adequacy benchmarking

(under development)

Benchmarking childcare and support to children

  • A benchmarking framework on childcare and support to children has been established which aims to monitor two key aspects of the principle 11 of the European Pillar of Social Rights – children’s right to affordable early childhood education and care of good quality (principle 11a) and children’s right to protection from poverty (principle 11b). More specifically, it aims to monitor children’s i) adequate access to resources, and ii) access to quality services.

    Background document (2021 version)

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